The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 15, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, May 16, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, May 5, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Feb. 26, 2012.
By United Press International
French official plans 'Napoleonland'

French official plans 'Napoleonland'

PARIS, Jan. 20 (UPI) -- A French official said he is hoping "Napoleonland," his idea for a Napoleon Bonaparte theme park, will one day be a rival to Disneyland.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Jan. 1, 2012.
By United Press International

Uruguay's solidarity with Argentina over Falklands comes with costs

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, Dec. 20 (UPI) -- Uruguay's solidarity with Argentina in support of Buenos Aires' claim over British-ruled Falklands is costing the port capital's economy dear as Falklanders disappear from the scene as lucrative custom.

Argentina's Atlantic blockade upsets Spain, United Kingdom

BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 7 (UPI) -- Argentina has drawn protests from old adversary Britain as well as Spain over its boarding of fishing fleets and blockade of shipping links with the British-ruled Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.

Britain to upgrade Falkland defenses

STANLEY, Falkland Islands, Nov. 16 (UPI) -- British-ruled Falkland Islands' defenses will receive a multimillion-dollar uplift following the award of contracts from London to a company refurbishing several outposts of the U.K. military in the South Atlantic and the Mediterranean.

Belgium wants Rubens painting back

BRUSSELS, Nov. 10 (UPI) -- Belgium says it wants a French museum to return a Rubens oil painting stolen more than 200 years ago during the French Revolution.

St. Helena airport a key Falklands link

STANLEY, Falkland Islands, Nov. 7 (UPI) -- Britain's final go-ahead for a $400 million airport on St. Helena Island was greeted in the Falklands as a much needed lifeline for the British territory.

Napoleon love letter to be auctioned

MOSCOW, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- A love letter from Napoleon Bonaparte to wife Josephine lamenting her lack of affection for him goes up for auction Saturday in Moscow, authorities say.
Robert Redford honored in France

Robert Redford honored in France

PARIS, Oct. 14 (UPI) -- Hollywood actor and filmmaker Robert Redford received the Legion d'Honneur, one of France's highest recognitions, Thursday in Paris, Sundance Channel said.

Italian PM widened Napoleon's bed

ROME, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- An Italian antiques dealer said she argued with Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi about his plans to widen a bed once belonging to Napoleon Bonaparte.

Library book returned after 60 years

TOLEDO, Ohio, Dec. 9 (UPI) -- An Ohio library said someone returned a missing copy of a Napoleon Bonaparte biography with a letter apologizing for taking the book 60 years ago.
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Napoleon Bonaparte
Pierre-Jean Chalencon, internationally recognized for his expertise in antiquities from Napoleon 1 and his Imperial Court, talks about the famous hat worn by Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) as preperations are made for the opening of the "Treasures of Napoleon," at the Missouri History Museum in St. Louis on November 10, 2010. The "Treasures of Napoleon," features more than 300 objects from the First Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte, including original framed paintings, sculptures, personal effects, prints and documents as well as furniture from the Imperial palaces. Napoleon preferred to wear the hat parallel with his shoulders, so that in battle, he could be distinguished from his officers, who wore their hats "fore-and-aft." The exhibit runs until April 2011. UPI/Bill Greenblatt

Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a military and political leader during the latter stages of the French Revolution. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815. His legal reform, the Napoleonic code, has been a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for the wars he led against a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars, during which he established hegemony over much of Europe and sought to spread revolutionary ideals.

Napoleon was born in Corsica to parents of noble Italian ancestry and trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. Bonaparte rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. In 1799, he staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor. In the first decade of the 19th century, the French Empire under Napoleon engaged in a series of conflicts—the Napoleonic Wars—involving every major European power. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French client states. Napoleon's campaigns are studied at military academies throughout much of the world.

The French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked a turning point in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he escaped Elba and returned to power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Napoleon Bonaparte."
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