Thousands protest Turkey's Islamist tilt

ANKARA, Turkey, April 13 (UPI) -- An estimated 20,000 protesters demonstrated in Ankara against the Islamist agenda of Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party, police said.

Polls open in crucial Turkish election

ANKARA, Turkey, July 21 (UPI) -- Polls opened at 7 a.m. Sunday in eastern Turkey for a general election called because Parliament could not agree on a new president.

Turkey blocks YouTube access over clip

ANKARA, Turkey, March 9 (UPI) -- A Turkish court has blocked access to the YouTube Web site after a derogatory video on the founder of modern Turkey was found on the site.

Turkey bans YouTube over insults

ISTANBUL, Turkey, March 8 (UPI) -- The Turkish government has banned YouTube in an effort to quell an escalating dispute between Greek and Turkish users of the Web site.

Publisher cleared of anti-Turkish crime

ANKARA, Turkey, Dec. 20 (UPI) -- Four Turks were acquitted of insulting "Turkishness" Wednesday in their translation of a book by prominent U.S. linguist and media critic Noam Chomsky.

Turkish author aquitted after insult

ANKARA, Turkey, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- Turkish author Ipek Calislar was acquitted for allegedly insulting Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, considered the founder of modern Turkey. The BBC reported that prosecutors claimed Calislar had insulted Ataturk in a biography of Ataturk's wife Latife, in which Ca

Encyclopedia lists Ataturk as dictator

ANKARA, Turkey, May 31 (UPI) -- The German version of a Microsoft encyclopedia lists Turkish Republic founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk among dictators including Adolf Hitler, a report said.

Turks protest pro-Islamic party government

ANKARA, Turkey, May 18 (UPI) -- More than 20,000 Turkish citizens protested in Ankara Thursday, one day after a lawyer gunned down several judges, killing one and wounding four others.

Ataturk's wife's papers remain secret

ISTANBUL, Turkey, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- The private papers of the woman who was briefly married to Turkey's founder will remain secret, the BBC reports.

Turkey will restore Balkan Ottoman sites

ANKARA, Turkey, Jan. 11 (UPI) -- The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism announced last it will restore some 16,300 Ottoman Empire era buildings scattered throughout the Balkans.

Lawyer: Wanted Islamist cleric in Cologne

COLOGNE, Germany, May 28 (UPI) -- Extremist Islamic cleric Metin Kaplan, wanted in Turkey, has contacted German police through his lawyer, but has not turned himself in.

Muslim Politics 5: Can Islamists change?

WASHINGTON, Oct. 7 (UPI) -- Editor's note: In this fifth installment of the UPI series on the compatibility of Islam and democracy, columnist Derk Kinnane Roelofsma considers the Turkish c

Think tanks wrap-up III

WASHINGTON, May 2 (UPI) -- The UPI think tank wrap-up is a daily digest covering opinion pieces, reactions to recent news events and position statements released by various think tanks. T

What U.S. newspapers are saying

U.S. newspaper editorial comment on issues of international interest.

Analysis: Arabs lack nationalist urge

LOS ANGELES, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- Before the vast resurgence in American patriotism that followed the Sept. 11 atrocities, nationalism had largely fallen out of fashion among elites in the Weste
STEVE SAILER, UPI National Correspondent
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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkish pronunciation: ; indeterminate, 1881–10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and founder of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first president.

Atatürk became known as an extremely capable military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His successful military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment of Turkey. During his presidency, Atatürk embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Age of Enlightenment, he sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

He was born at the Kocakasım ward of Salonika, in a house located on Islahhane Street, to mother Zübeyde Hanim and father Ali Rıza Efendi, a militia officer, title deed clerk and lumber trader. They had married in 1871. His paternal grandfather, Hafız Ahmed Efendi belonged to the Kocacık nomads settled in Macedonia between the 14th and 15th centuries. His mother was from an Old Turkish family settled in the town of Langasa near Salonika. Only one of Ataturk's siblings, a sister named Makbule (Atadan) survived childhood and died in 1956. The only language spoken in his home as well as both of his grandparents' homes was Turkish. His mother's family tree clearly shows that they had been relocated from Anatolia after Rumelia (Balkans) had been conquered by the Ottoman Empire. He was born to a Turkish family living in the Ottoman Vilâyet Selanik, which then was part of Ottoman Rumelia. However, according to an article by Time magazine, Mustafa Kemal's father was Albanian and his mother was Macedonian, and "as fair as any Slav from beyond the Bulgarian frontier" with "fine white" skin and "eyes of a deep but clear light blue".

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mustafa Kemal Ataturk."
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