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Turkey celebrates 90th anniversary on Republic Day

ANKARA, Turkey, Oct. 29 (UPI) -- Turkey kicked off its 90th anniversary Tuesday with a ceremony at the mausoleum of the country's founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
NATO needs to talk Turkey

NATO needs to talk Turkey

HERNDON, Va., Oct. 29 (UPI) -- It is time to "talk turkey" about Turkey's role in NATO.
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator
Many Turkish protesters refuse to meet with Erdogan

Many Turkish protesters refuse to meet with Erdogan

ISTANBUL, Turkey, June 12 (UPI) -- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan met Wednesday with leaders of the protests that have roiled Istanbul for more than two weeks, officials said.

Turkey's late-night alcohol ban sends mixed signals

ANKARA, Turkey, May 24 (UPI) -- As widely expected, Turkey's ban on late-night alcohol sales sent mixed signals about its perceived link to the politics of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, May 19, 2013.
By United Press International

Iraqi Kurds 'close energy deal with Turks'

ERBIL, Iraq, May 14 (UPI) -- Iraq's Kurds are reported to have reached a secret deal with Turkey under which the Kurds' semiautonomous enclave will ship oil to Turkey for export.
Egypt’s political process: The good, the bad and the ugly

Egypt’s political process: The good, the bad and the ugly

HERNDON, Va., June 19 (UPI) -- The political process of transitioning from autocracy in Egypt has turned ugly. One can only hope a model of government evolves serving the best interests of the people.
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, May 19, 2012.
By United Press International

Israeli defense chief arrives in Turkey

ANKARA, Turkey, Jan. 17 (UPI) -- Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak arrived in Turkey without incident Sunday despite calls for his arrest, observers said.

Kurdish issue heads to Turkish Parliament

ANKARA, Turkey, Nov. 3 (UPI) -- Pro-Kurdish leaders in Turkey called for delays on talks on the Kurdish initiative due to conflicts with the key anniversary for the republic.

40 Turks arrested in Ergenekon probe

ANKARA, Turkey, April 13 (UPI) -- University rectors were among dozens arrested Monday in a probe of an alleged anti-government plot, the Turkish newspaper Today's Zaman reported.
Obama: U.S. 'not at war' with Islam

Obama: U.S. 'not at war' with Islam

ANKARA, Turkey, April 6 (UPI) -- Despite strains during recent years, the United States is "not at war with Islam," President Barack Obama said Monday in Ankara, Turkey.

Prosecutor seeks to ID YouTube posters

ANKARA, Turkey, Dec. 4 (UPI) -- A Turkish prosecutor says the United States should identify the individuals responsible for certain questionable YouTube videos.

Turkish officials ban Web sites

ANKARA, Turkey, Aug. 23 (UPI) -- Turkey has banned access to 853 Web sites in what critics say is an affront to freedom of speech rights of Turks.

Analysis: Al-Qaida to attack Turkey?

Experts are worried that Turkey will soon be hit by an al-Qaida-orchestrated terror attack.
STEFAN NICOLA, UPI Correspondent
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Wiki

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkish pronunciation: ; indeterminate, 1881–10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and founder of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first president.

Atatürk became known as an extremely capable military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His successful military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment of Turkey. During his presidency, Atatürk embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Age of Enlightenment, he sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

He was born at the Kocakasım ward of Salonika, in a house located on Islahhane Street, to mother Zübeyde Hanim and father Ali Rıza Efendi, a militia officer, title deed clerk and lumber trader. They had married in 1871. His paternal grandfather, Hafız Ahmed Efendi belonged to the Kocacık nomads settled in Macedonia between the 14th and 15th centuries. His mother was from an Old Turkish family settled in the town of Langasa near Salonika. Only one of Ataturk's siblings, a sister named Makbule (Atadan) survived childhood and died in 1956. The only language spoken in his home as well as both of his grandparents' homes was Turkish. His mother's family tree clearly shows that they had been relocated from Anatolia after Rumelia (Balkans) had been conquered by the Ottoman Empire. He was born to a Turkish family living in the Ottoman Vilâyet Selanik, which then was part of Ottoman Rumelia. However, according to an article by Time magazine, Mustafa Kemal's father was Albanian and his mother was Macedonian, and "as fair as any Slav from beyond the Bulgarian frontier" with "fine white" skin and "eyes of a deep but clear light blue".

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mustafa Kemal Ataturk."
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