Troubled Somalia hustles Big Oil to resume exploration

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Oct. 16 (UPI) -- Somalia's Western-backed government is talking to major international oil companies like Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell and BP about resuming exploration programs they abandoned when the East African state collapsed into anarchy in 1991.

Nairobi attack a signpost for rising jihadist terrorism across Africa

NAIROBI, Kenya, Sept. 25 (UPI) -- The four-day seizure of an upscale shopping Mall in Nairobi, Kenya's capital, in which dozens of people were killed by a platoon of diehard jihadists of the Somalia-based al-Shabaab group is a fearsome indication of how Islamist terrorism is swelling across Africa.

Kenya mall bloodbath shows al-Qaida groups still deadly

NAIROBI, Kenya, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- The weekend seizure of a Nairobi, Kenya, shopping mall by Somalia-based jihadists linked to al-Qaida, slaughtering dozens of people, underlines how, two years after the Americans assassinated Osama bin Laden, jihadists are widening their offensive across Africa as well as the Arab world.

Somali government says peacekeepers didn't protect them

MOGADISHU, Somalia, May 28 (UPI) -- A Somali government delegation in Kismayu has accused Kenyan peacekeeping troops of not protecting them.

Somalia works toward new government

NAIROBI, Kenya, Aug. 20 (UPI) -- For Somalia, August 2012 might turn out to be a historic month forever engraved in the country's political calendar. After more than two decades of civil strife and warfare, Somalia is finally taking crucial steps towards lasting peace.

Somali violence claims seven civilians

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Sept. 24 (UPI) -- At least seven civilians have died since fighting erupted in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, with officials saying peacekeepers also are coming under fire.

McCain aide's lobbying past under scrutiny

WASHINGTON, May 22 (UPI) -- Lobbyist Charles Black, a friend and key adviser to U.S. Sen. John McCain, has come under fire for his representing foreign interests, including dictators.

Somali peace forum postponed again

MOGADISHU, Somalia, July 15 (UPI) -- A peace conference aimed at healing conflict in Somalia began and then immediately adjourned Sunday to give delegates more time to arrive.

Aid agencies accused of providing bad food

MOGADISHU, Somalia, April 13 (UPI) -- Somalia's interior minister is accusing international relief agencies of distributing expired food in the strife-torn African country. Mohamed Mohamud Guled made the accusation at a news conference Friday in the capital of Mogadishu, Shabelle Media Networ

U.S. accused of covert Somolia ops

LONDON, Sept. 10 (UPI) -- A British newspaper Sunday said the United States was conducting illegal mercenary operations to support the U.N.-backed interim government in Somalia.

Somali blast kills 7 at premier's rally

MOGADISHU, Somalia, May 3 (UPI) -- Seven people were killed and more than 25 others injured when a grenade targeting Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi exploded at a stadium Tuesday.

Suits target Somali government exiles

WASHINGTON, Nov. 12 (UPI) -- Private lawsuits say two Somali residents of Northern Virginia committed human rights violations in their homeland, a published report said Friday.

Mohamed Siad Barre (Somali: Maxamed Siyaad Barre, Arabic: محمّد سياد بري‎) (b. October 6, 1919 – January 2, 1995) was the military dictator and President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991. During his rule, he styled himself as Jaalle Siyaad ("Comrade Siad").

At the time of independence in 1960, Somalia was touted in the West as the model of a rural democracy in Africa. However, clanism and extended family loyalties and conflicts were societal problems the civilian government failed to eradicate and eventually succumbed to itself.

The Barre-led military junta that came to power after the ensuing coup d'état said it would adapt Scientific Socialism to the needs of Somalia. It drew heavily from the traditions of China. Volunteer labor harvested and planted crops, and built roads and hospitals. Almost all industry, banks and businesses were nationalized. Cooperative farms were promoted. The government forbade clanism and stressed loyalty to the central authorities. An entirely new writing script for the Somali language was introduced. To spread the new language and the methods and message of the revolution, secondary schools were closed in 1974 and 25,000 students from fourteen to sixteen years of age and addtional 3,000 military and civil service employees were sent to rural areas to educate their nomadic relatives.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mohamed Siad Barre."
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