Jan Tomáš Forman (Czech pronunciation: ; born February 18, 1932), better known as Miloš Forman (), is a Czech-American director, screenwriter, (sporadically actor), professor and an emigrant from Czechoslovakia. Two of his films, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and Amadeus, are among the most celebrated in the history of film, both garnering him the Academy Award for Best Director. He was also nominated for the same award for The People vs. Larry Flynt. He also won Golden Globe, Cannes, Berlinale, BAFTA, Ceaser, David di Donatello, European Film Academy, and Czech Lion awards.
Forman was born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (present-day Czech Republic), the son of Anna (née Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. His parents were Protestants; his father was arrested for distributing banned books during the Nazi occupation and died in Buchenwald in 1944. His mother died in Auschwitz in 1943. Forman lived with relatives during World War II and later discovered that his biological father was a Jewish architect Otto Kohn. He has a brother Pavel Forman. In his youth he wanted to become a theatrical producer, bypassing theater.
After the war, Forman attended King George College public school in the spa town Poděbrady, where his fellow students included Václav Havel and the Mašín brothers. He later studied screenwriting at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. During the invasion of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact troops in the summer of 1968, he left Europe for the United States.