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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 25, 2013.
By United Press International
Poll: At same point in term, Nixon approval rating higher than Obama

Poll: At same point in term, Nixon approval rating higher than Obama

NEW YORK, Dec. 20 (UPI) -- At the same point in his second term, President Nixon had better job approval ratings than President Obama, a Harris Poll released Friday indicted.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 8, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Dec. 7, 2013.
By United Press International
Mourning for America

Mourning for America

WASHINGTON, Oct. 23 (UPI) -- Without presidential leadership, the United States is in grave trouble. But who will listen? And who will lead?
HARLAN ULLMAN, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 15, 2013.
By United Press International

List of Nobel Peace Prize winners

OSLO, Norway, Oct. 11 (UPI) -- List of Nobel Peace Prize winners:

China's worried elites

PARIS, Aug. 26 (UPI) -- Not since Mikhail Gorbachev began speaking of 'Glasnost' and 'Perestroika' has there been such a ferment among policy intellectuals.
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Editor Emeritus

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 24, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Aug. 23, 2013.
By United Press International

Protesters arrested after opposition figure convicted of embezzlement

KIROV, Russia, July 18 (UPI) -- Two protesters in Kirov, Russia, were arrested following the conviction of opposition leader Alexei Navalny on embezzlement charges, officials said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, July 16, 2013.
By United Press International

Probe begun into Russian TV host's death; body found in apartment

MOSCOW, July 15 (UPI) -- Russian investigators said they were looking into the death of a television host who once investigated a coup attempt against Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
Obama calls for reduction in nuclear arsenals

Obama calls for reduction in nuclear arsenals

BERLIN, June 19 (UPI) -- President Barack Obama, speaking at Berlin's symbolic Brandenburg Gate, called for a reduction of the world's nuclear stockpiles by as much as a third.

The third Russian Revolution

WASHINGTON, June 12 (UPI) -- Russia may be on a verge of a third revolution as political dissent and the suppression of those who disagree with Vladimir Putin, increase.
HARLAN ULLMAN, UPI Outside View Commentator
Page 2 of 32
Photos
Mikhail Gorbachev
Former Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev attends the "Raisa Gorbachev Foundation Party" at Hampton Court Palace in London on June 6, 2009. (UPI Photo/Rune Hellestad)
Wiki

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв, tr. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachyov, IPA:  ( listen); born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet statesman, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the last head of state of the USSR, having served from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991. He was the only general secretary in the history of the Soviet Union to have been born during the Communist rule.

Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai into a peasant Ukrainian-Russian family, and in his teens operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. While he was at the university, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and soon became very active within it. In 1970, he was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Kraikom, First Secretary to the Supreme Soviet in 1974, and appointed a member of the Politburo in 1979. Within three years of the deaths of Soviet Leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected General Secretary by the Politburo in 1985. Already before he reached the post, he had occasionally been mentioned in western newspapers as a likely next leader and a man of the younger generation at the top level.

Gorbachev's attempts at reform as well as summit conferences with United States President Ronald Reagan and his reorientation of Soviet strategic aims contributed to the end of the Cold War, ended the political supremacy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. For these efforts, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 and the Harvey Prize in 1992 as well as Honorary Doctorates from Durham University in 1995, Trinity College in 2002 and University of Münster in 2005.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mikhail Gorbachev."
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