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The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Feb. 27, the 58th day of 2005 with 307 to follow.
By United Press International

Stars will arrive in hybrids again

SANTA MONICA, Calif., Feb. 23 (UPI) -- Oscar nominees Leonardo DiCaprio and Morgan Freeman plan to arrive at the Academy Awards in hybrid cars, an environmental group said Wednesday.

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Feb. 19, the 50th day of 2005 with 315 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Feb. 13, the 44th day of 2005 with 321 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Feb. 9, the 40th day of 2005 with 325 to follow.
By United Press International

Russian patriarch to pope: I pray for you

MOSCOW, Feb. 6 (UPI) -- The Russian Orthodox Patriarch, who has consistently blocked Pope John Paul II from visiting Moscow, has sent the ailing pontiff a get-well message.

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Feb. 5, the 36th day of 2005 with 329 to follow.
By United Press International

70 Nobel laureates praise U.N.'s Annan

NEW YORK, Jan. 27 (UPI) -- Seventy Nobel laureates say they support U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and his work.

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2005 with 345 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Jan. 15, the 15th day of 2005 with 350 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Jan. 11, the 11th day of 2005 with 354 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Jan. 1, the first day of 2005. There are 364 days to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Dec. 25, the 360th day of 2004, with six to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Dec. 25, the 360th day of 2004, with six to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Dec. 18, the 353rd day of 2004 with 13 to go.
By United Press International
Page 19 of 32
Photos
Mikhail Gorbachev
Former Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev attends the "Raisa Gorbachev Foundation Party" at Hampton Court Palace in London on June 6, 2009. (UPI Photo/Rune Hellestad)
Wiki

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв, tr. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachyov, IPA:  ( listen); born 2 March 1931) is a former Soviet statesman, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the last head of state of the USSR, having served from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991. He was the only general secretary in the history of the Soviet Union to have been born during the Communist rule.

Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai into a peasant Ukrainian-Russian family, and in his teens operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. While he was at the university, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and soon became very active within it. In 1970, he was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Kraikom, First Secretary to the Supreme Soviet in 1974, and appointed a member of the Politburo in 1979. Within three years of the deaths of Soviet Leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected General Secretary by the Politburo in 1985. Already before he reached the post, he had occasionally been mentioned in western newspapers as a likely next leader and a man of the younger generation at the top level.

Gorbachev's attempts at reform as well as summit conferences with United States President Ronald Reagan and his reorientation of Soviet strategic aims contributed to the end of the Cold War, ended the political supremacy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. For these efforts, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 and the Harvey Prize in 1992 as well as Honorary Doctorates from Durham University in 1995, Trinity College in 2002 and University of Münster in 2005.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mikhail Gorbachev."
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