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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, March 8, 2014.
By United Press International

List of Nobel Peace Prize winners

OSLO, Norway, Oct. 11 (UPI) -- List of Nobel Peace Prize winners:

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Sept. 17, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Aug. 16, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, March 8, 2013.
By United Press International
Ex-official: Netanyahu focusing on legacy

Ex-official: Netanyahu focusing on legacy

JERUSALEM, Jan. 4 (UPI) -- Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's actions concerning Iran are based on his desire to have a place in history, a former security leader said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 17, 2012.
By United Press International

IAI to launch new 5-ton Amos satellite

TEL AVIV, Israel, July 6 (UPI) -- Israel's Spacecom Satellite Communications plans to replace the Amos-2 commercial communications satellite with the 5-ton Amos-6 craft to be built by Israel Aerospace Industries, the Jewish state's leading defense and aerospace company.
The tragedy of success

The tragedy of success

BRICK, N.J., March 9 (UPI) -- Israel is apparently moving toward military confrontation with Iran in what the author says is a cycle of violence involving Israel with few positive results.
MORGAN STRONG, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, March 8, 2012.
By United Press International
Israel's frustration

Israel's frustration

BRICK, N.J., Feb. 7 (UPI) -- The writer says the United States shouldn't allow Israel to draw its into another disastrous war in the Middle East solely for its benefit.
MORGAN STRONG, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Sept. 17, 2011.
By United Press International

Israel wants explanation from Egypt

JERUSALEM, Sept. 16 (UPI) -- Israeli Foreign Minister Rafi Barak summoned the Egyptian ambassador Friday to discuss relations between the two countries, an official said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 16, 2008.
By United Press International
Analysis: Engaging 'negotiable terrorism'

Analysis: Engaging 'negotiable terrorism'

WASHINGTON, April 21 (UPI) -- Defying U.S. and Israeli warnings, Jimmy Carter met with Damascus-based Hamas leaders hoping to convince the Palestinian Islamists to renege on violence.
CLAUDE SALHANI, UPI Contributing Editor
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Menachem Begin
Menachem Begin kisses Rosalynn Carters hand as Pres. Carter looks on as the Israeli Prime Minister leaves the White House September 19, 1978 following a farewell visit. (UPI Photo/Darryl Heikes/Files)...
Wiki

 Menachem Begin (help·info) (Hebrew: מְנַחֵם בְּגִין‎‎, Polish: Mieczysław Biegun, Russian: Менахем Вольфович Бегин, 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was a politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of the State of Israel. Before independence, he was the leader of the Zionist militant group Irgun, the Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah. He proclaimed a revolt, on February 1, 1944, against the British mandatory government, which was opposed by the Jewish Agency. As head of the Irgun, he targeted the British in Palestine, and had a deep-rooted hatred of Britain, which some claim would resurface decades later with his aiding and supply of illegal weapons to Argentina during the Falklands war.

Begin was elected to the first Knesset, as head of Herut, the party he founded, and was at first on the political fringe, embodying the opposition to the Mapai-led government and Israeli establishment. He remained in opposition in the eight consecutive elections (except for a national unity government around the Six-Day War), but became more acceptable to the political center. His 1977 electoral victory and premiership ended three decades of Labour Party political dominance.

Begin’s most significant achievement as prime minister was the signing of a peace treaty with Egypt in 1979, for which he and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Prize for Peace. In the wake of the Camp David Accords, the Israel Defense Forces withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula, which was captured from Egypt in the Six-Day War. Later, Begin’s government promoted the construction of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Begin authorized the bombing of the Osirak nuclear plant in Iraq and the invasion of Lebanon in 1982 to fight PLO strongholds there, igniting the 1982 Lebanon War. As Israeli military involvement in Lebanon deepened, and the Sabra and Shatila massacre, carried out by Christian Phalangist militia allies of the Israelis shocked world public opinion, Begin grew increasingly isolated. As IDF forces remained mired in Lebanon and the economy suffered from hyperinflation, the public pressure on Begin mounted. Depressed by the death of his wife Aliza in November 1982, he gradually withdrew from public life, until his resignation in October 1983.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Menachem Begin."
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