Helicopter shot down over Mogadishu

MOGADISHU, Somalia, March 30 (UPI) -- An Ethiopian helicopter was shot down Friday in Mogadishu, where Somali insurgents and government troops backed by Ethiopian forces have been battling.

Renewed violence in Somalia

MOGADISHU, Somalia, March 29 (UPI) -- At least six people died Thursday in Somalia as Ethiopian-backed government troops battled insurgent clans.

Two killed in Somalia Islamist roundup

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Jan. 22 (UPI) -- Two people were killed in the Somali capital of Mogadishu Monday as government troops and Ethiopian soldiers conducted a roundup of Islamic militants.

Ethiopia wants to pull out of Somalia

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Jan. 2 (UPI) -- Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Ghedi said Ethiopia can leave its troops in Somalia for months if necessary to prevent the return of Islamist militias. But Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi warned that his country does not have the money to support

Somali Islamists on run from Ethiopians

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Dec. 27 (UPI) -- Islamists rebels in Somalia lost control of a key town Wednesday as Ethiopian and loyal Somali troops advanced in a bid to recapture the capital, Mogadishu.

Ethiopia's Zenawi eyeing troop pull out

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Dec. 26 (UPI) -- The same day as a key victory, Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said he is considering pulling up to 4,000 troops out of the battle with Somalia.

Ethiopia prepares to fight Islamists

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Nov. 23 (UPI) -- Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi says his country is ready to fight the Islamists in neighboring Somalia, whom he described as a threat.

Somalia accuses Ethiopia of incursion

MOGADISHU, Somalia, June 17 (UPI) -- Sheik Sharif Ahmed, leader of Somalia's Islamists, accused Ethiopia of sending troops across the border Saturday.

Eritrea-Ethiopia war resumption feared

ASMARA, Eritrea, Dec. 8 (UPI) -- Eritrea and Ethiopia, whose border war has claimed 70,000 lives, may resume hostilities following the expulsion of U.N. peacekeepers from Eritrea.

More violence in Addis Ababa

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Nov. 2 (UPI) -- Renewed election protests the past two days claimed at least 10 more lives in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia.

U.S. blasts Ethiopia violence

WASHINGTON, June 13 (UPI) -- The U.S. State Department Monday condemned election-related violence in Ethiopia and urged the government to respect the rule of law.

White House calls for calm in Ethiopia

COLUMBUS, Ohio, June 9 (UPI) -- The White House appealed for calm in Ethiopia Thursday and an end to election-related violence that has claimed at least two dozen lives.

Voting fraud alleged in Ethiopia

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, May 16 (UPI) -- Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi banned all demonstrations in and around Addis Ababa as allegations of national voting fraud emerged.

Israel, Ethiopia sign cooperation deal

JERUSALEM, June 2 (UPI) -- Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi Wednesday signed a pact for cultural, educational and scientific cooperation.

Bush meets with African leaders

WASHINGTON, Dec. 5 (UPI) -- President George W. Bush met Thursday with key East African allies to discuss continued cooperation in the war on terrorism, as well as economic and humanitaria
RICHARD TOMKINS, UPI White House Correspondent
Page 3 of 4
Meles Zenawi
The Prime Minister of Ethiopia Ato Meles Zenawi departs in a limousine after arriving at Toronto International Airport, June 24, 2010 to attend the G8, G20 Summits in Huntsville and Toronto, Ontario, Canada. UPI/Heinz Ruckemann.

Meles Zenawi Asres (Ge'ez መለስ ዜናዊ አስረስ Mäläs Zenawi Äsräs; born 8 May 1955) is the Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Since 1985, he has been chairman of the Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front (TPLF), and is currently head of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF).

Meles was born in Adwa, Tigray in Northern Ethiopia, to an Ethiopian father from Adwa, Ethiopia, and a mother from Adi Quala, Eritrea. He graduated from the General Wingate high school in Addis Ababa, then studied medicine at Addis Ababa University (at the time known as Haile Selassie University) for two years before interrupting his studies in 1975 to join the TPLF. While a member of the TPLF, he founded the Marxist-Leninist League of Tigray.His first name at birth was "Legesse" (thus Legesse Zenawi Ge'ez: ለገሰ ዜናዊ legesse zēnāwī) but he is better known by his nom de guerre Meles. He later changed his first name to "Meles" in honor of a University student and a revolutionary radical who was executed by the previous government in 1975.

The TPLF was one of many armed groups struggling against the dictator, Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam. Zenawi was elected Leader of the Leadership Committee in 1979 and Leader of the Executive Committee in 1983. He has been the chairperson of both the TPLF and the EPRDF since the EPRDF assumed power at the end of the Ethiopian Civil War. He was president of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE), during which Eritrea seceded from the country and the experiment of ethnic federalism started.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Meles Zenawi."
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