Somali war linked to brewing oil dispute

MOGADISHU, Somalia, Aug. 3 (UPI) -- The military offensive against Islamic al-Shabaab fighters is gearing up for an assault on Kismayo that's seen as a key element in a dispute over oil and gas.

G8 urged to elevate food security issues

WASHINGTON, May 8 (UPI) -- Anti-poverty activists are urging Group of Eight leaders to give more attention to food security when they hold a summit this month in the United States.

War fears as Ethiopia attacks Eritrea

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, March 19 (UPI) -- Ethiopia says its forces have attacked "rebel bases" in longtime rival Eritrea, raising fears of a new war between the Horn of Africa states.

Somalia conference seeks end to unrest

LONDON, Feb. 23 (UPI) -- World leaders met Thursday in London to discuss ways to end terrorism and piracy in Somalia, reports said.
Commentary: China pivot -- or pirouette?

Commentary: China pivot -- or pirouette?

WASHINGTON, Feb. 6 (UPI) -- The Asia pivot of U.S. strategy is bumping up against the reality of defense cutbacks. Secret operations combined with breakthroughs in robotic warfare are a realistic strategic stopgap.

Ethiopia: Thousands driven out in land grab

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Jan. 18 (UPI) -- Activists say thousands of people in western Ethiopia are being driven off ancestral lands so the government can sell large tracts for commercial agriculture.
Post-Mubarak Egypt has softer line on Nile

Post-Mubarak Egypt has softer line on Nile

CAIRO, Dec. 9 (UPI) -- With the downfall of Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian leaders are showing more willingness to discuss sharing the waters of the Nile River with other African states.

Egypt, Ethiopia mull Nile dams dispute

CAIRO, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- Egypt and Ethiopia are making an effort to settle a long-running bitter dispute over sharing the waters of the Nile River.
Ethiopia challenges Egypt over Nile water

Ethiopia challenges Egypt over Nile water

CAIRO, Dec. 8 (UPI) -- The simmering dispute over the Nile River between Egypt and downstream African states is heating up again with Ethiopia alleging Cairo supports insurgents fighting the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.

Opponent rejects election outcome

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, May 26 (UPI) -- An Ethiopian opposition leader is rejecting the outcome of Sunday's election that handed a landslide victory to incumbent Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.

Ethiopia's Zenawi predicts win

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, May 24 (UPI) -- Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi Monday predicted a win for his party in Sunday's election amid the opposition's allegations of irregularities,

Ethiopia: Most goals in Somalia reached

WASHINGTON, Jan. 14 (UPI) -- Ethiopia has achieved most of the goals it set out to accomplish by sending troops into Somalia three years ago, a government official says.

Pardons for jailed opposition leaders

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, July 20 (UPI) -- The Ethiopian government pardoned 30 opposition leaders sentenced to life in prison after 2005 election protests.

Chinese oil workers freed in Ethiopia

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, April 29 (UPI) -- Seven Chinese oil workers who were kidnapped by rebels in Ethiopia have been freed and handed over to the Red Cross.

Gunmen kill dozens at Ethiopia oil field

ADDIA ABABA, Ethiopia, April 24 (UPI) -- Gunmen attacked a Chinese oil company site in Ethiopia Tuesday, killing at least nine Chinese and 65 Ethiopian workers, Xinhua news agency reported.
Page 2 of 4
Meles Zenawi
The Prime Minister of Ethiopia Ato Meles Zenawi departs in a limousine after arriving at Toronto International Airport, June 24, 2010 to attend the G8, G20 Summits in Huntsville and Toronto, Ontario, Canada. UPI/Heinz Ruckemann.

Meles Zenawi Asres (Ge'ez መለስ ዜናዊ አስረስ Mäläs Zenawi Äsräs; born 8 May 1955) is the Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Since 1985, he has been chairman of the Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front (TPLF), and is currently head of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF).

Meles was born in Adwa, Tigray in Northern Ethiopia, to an Ethiopian father from Adwa, Ethiopia, and a mother from Adi Quala, Eritrea. He graduated from the General Wingate high school in Addis Ababa, then studied medicine at Addis Ababa University (at the time known as Haile Selassie University) for two years before interrupting his studies in 1975 to join the TPLF. While a member of the TPLF, he founded the Marxist-Leninist League of Tigray.His first name at birth was "Legesse" (thus Legesse Zenawi Ge'ez: ለገሰ ዜናዊ legesse zēnāwī) but he is better known by his nom de guerre Meles. He later changed his first name to "Meles" in honor of a University student and a revolutionary radical who was executed by the previous government in 1975.

The TPLF was one of many armed groups struggling against the dictator, Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam. Zenawi was elected Leader of the Leadership Committee in 1979 and Leader of the Executive Committee in 1983. He has been the chairperson of both the TPLF and the EPRDF since the EPRDF assumed power at the end of the Ethiopian Civil War. He was president of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE), during which Eritrea seceded from the country and the experiment of ethnic federalism started.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Meles Zenawi."
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