Battle of the Nile: Egypt, Ethiopia clash over mega-dam

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Feb. 7 (UPI) -- Egypt and Ethiopia remain at loggerheads over Addis Ababa's plan to build a $4.2 billion, 6,000-megawatt dam on a major tributary of the Nile River that Cairo says will greatly reduce the flow of water that is Egypt's lifeline.

Real wildcatters go to Ethiopia to hunt for oil

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Oct. 25 (UPI) -- Amid East Africa's oil and gas boom, the more adventurous oilmen are starting to gravitate toward the vast Ogaden desert region of Ethiopia where drilling activity has been sparse since rebels attacked an exploration team in 2007, killing nine Chinese and 65 Ethiopians.

Egypt ups the ante on Nile dispute with Ethiopia

CAIRO, June 6 (UPI) -- Egypt's dispute with Ethiopia over the Nile River has gotten sharper with calls by political leaders for direct action to stop Addis Ababa building a massive dam Cairo says will cut off water the Land of the Pharoahs depends on for survival.

Amid Egypt crisis, Addis pushes Nile dam

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Nov. 30 (UPI) -- Ethiopia is driving to complete its massive $4.8 billion Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile amid a long-running dispute with Egypt.

Four die in Ethiopian protest

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Oct. 23 (UPI) -- At least four people were killed and several others injured when a demonstration by Muslims turned violent in eastern Ethiopia, police said.

Egypt pushes Ethiopia to scrap Nile dam

CAIRO, Oct. 19 (UPI) -- Egypt increasingly views Ethiopia's plan to build a massive 6,000-megawatt hydroelectric dam on the Nile River as a threat to its national security because it will seriously cut the Arab state's water supplies.

Ethiopian P.M. Desalegn still not sworn in

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Sept. 7 (UPI) -- The failure of Ethiopia's Parliament to swear in acting Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has created uncertainty about the country's future, officials say.

Ethiopia mourns longtime PM

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Sept. 2 (UPI) -- Thousands of Ethiopians paid their respects Sunday to longtime Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in a massive funeral in Addis Ababa.

U.S. diplomats to attend Meles funeral

WASHINGTON, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice leads the delegation to Ethiopia to attend the funeral for Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, the White House said.

Ethiopian media still under regime's thumb

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Aug. 26 (UPI) -- Political analysts say Ethiopia will likely keep its news media on a short leash following the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.

Obama stresses security to Ethiopian PM

WASHINGTON, Aug. 24 (UPI) -- U.S. President Barack Obama called on the acting Ethiopian prime minister to uphold commitments to democracy and regional security, the White House said.

Ethiopian P.M. remembered as peacekeeper

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Aug. 22 (UPI) -- Meles Zenawi, the Ethiopian prime minister who died this week, helped bring stability to neighboring African countries, U.S. officials said.
Dour forecast for post-Meles Ethiopia

Dour forecast for post-Meles Ethiopia

BRUSSELS, Aug. 22 (UPI) -- The death of the Ethiopian prime minister could have an enormous effect on regional and internal stability, a report from the International Crisis Group states.
Ethiopia's Meles dead at 57

Ethiopia's Meles dead at 57

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Aug. 21 (UPI) -- The Ethiopian government said Tuesday that Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has died in a hospital abroad at the age of 57.
Health of Ethiopia's PM Zenawi unknown

Health of Ethiopia's PM Zenawi unknown

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, Aug. 3 (UPI) -- The health of Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi remains unknown even though government officials said it was improving.
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Meles Zenawi
The Prime Minister of Ethiopia Ato Meles Zenawi departs in a limousine after arriving at Toronto International Airport, June 24, 2010 to attend the G8, G20 Summits in Huntsville and Toronto, Ontario, Canada. UPI/Heinz Ruckemann.

Meles Zenawi Asres (Ge'ez መለስ ዜናዊ አስረስ Mäläs Zenawi Äsräs; born 8 May 1955) is the Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Since 1985, he has been chairman of the Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front (TPLF), and is currently head of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF).

Meles was born in Adwa, Tigray in Northern Ethiopia, to an Ethiopian father from Adwa, Ethiopia, and a mother from Adi Quala, Eritrea. He graduated from the General Wingate high school in Addis Ababa, then studied medicine at Addis Ababa University (at the time known as Haile Selassie University) for two years before interrupting his studies in 1975 to join the TPLF. While a member of the TPLF, he founded the Marxist-Leninist League of Tigray.His first name at birth was "Legesse" (thus Legesse Zenawi Ge'ez: ለገሰ ዜናዊ legesse zēnāwī) but he is better known by his nom de guerre Meles. He later changed his first name to "Meles" in honor of a University student and a revolutionary radical who was executed by the previous government in 1975.

The TPLF was one of many armed groups struggling against the dictator, Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam. Zenawi was elected Leader of the Leadership Committee in 1979 and Leader of the Executive Committee in 1983. He has been the chairperson of both the TPLF and the EPRDF since the EPRDF assumed power at the end of the Ethiopian Civil War. He was president of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE), during which Eritrea seceded from the country and the experiment of ethnic federalism started.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Meles Zenawi."
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