ISIS seizes largest dam in Iraq

ISIS seizes largest dam in Iraq

BAGHDAD, Aug. 4 (UPI) --Islamic State of Iraq and Syria militants claimed control of the Mosul Dam on Sunday, after a 24-hour battle with the Kurdish Peshmerga.
JC Finley
Kurds to concentrate on autonomy, self-determination

Kurds to concentrate on autonomy, self-determination

WASHINGTON, July 4 (UPI) --Kurdistan, a region of Iraq, will demand more autonomy from any reorganized Iraqi government, the chief of staff to Kurdish President Massoud Barzani said.
Ed Adamczyk
Kurdish president calls for commission to investigate independence referendum

Kurdish president calls for commission to investigate independence referendum

KIRKUK , Iraq, July 3 (UPI) --The president of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region asked Parliament members Thursday to organize a referendum on independence.
Ed Adamczyk

Iraq: 'This is war,' say Kurds in oil fight with Baghdad

BAGHDAD, Feb. 28 (UPI) -- Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's dispute with Iraq's Kurdish minority over its independent oil exports has escalated with the central government blocking Kurdistan's share of the state budget and banning two airlines that operate between Europe and the Kurds' semiautonomous northern enclave.

Gazprom considers more work in Iraq

ST. PETERSBURG, Russia, June 21 (UPI) -- Russian energy company Gazprom said it was interested in working further in the oil and natural gas sector in the Kurdish north of Iraq.

No agreement to halt Iranian arms flights

BAGHDAD, March 24 (UPI) -- Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki Sunday rebuffed a U.S. call for Iraq to stop Iran from using Iraqi airspace in sending weapons to Syria.

Russia muscles in on East Med gas boom

TEL AVIV, Israel, March 8 (UPI) -- A deal by Russia's Gazprom to market Israeli liquefied natural gas puts Moscow firmly in the burgeoning eastern Mediterranean energy sector.

Kurdish leaders talk oil, gas in Russia

MOSCOW, Feb. 21 (UPI) -- The president of the semiautonomous Kurdish government of Iraq arrived in Moscow to discuss prospects for oil and gas cooperation, said Russia's Gazprom.

Kurds' feud could ruin independence dream

ERBIL, Iraq, Feb. 6 (UPI) -- Iraq's Kurds, part of the world's largest stateless ethnic group, are pushing closer to what has long seemed the impossible dream of independence.

Kurds warn BP not to drill for Baghdad

ERBIL, Iraq, Jan. 30 (UPI) -- The escalating dispute between Baghdad and the Kurds over oil and land went up a notch with BP perhaps helping Baghdad in a disputed oil field.

Iraq faces turmoil if ailing leader dies

BAGHDAD, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- If Iraq's stricken president, onetime guerrilla leader Jalal Talabani, dies or is permanently incapacitated following his stroke, the violence-torn country faces political turmoil a year and a day after U.S. military forces completed their withdrawal.
Erdogan: Turkey has 'advanced democracy'

Erdogan: Turkey has 'advanced democracy'

ANKARA, Turkey, Oct. 1 (UPI) -- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan says his country is an example of how democracy can work in an Islamic country.
Iraqi Kurds raise money for Syrian Kurdish refugees

Iraqi Kurds raise money for Syrian Kurdish refugees

RANIA, Iraq, Sept. 21 (UPI) -- A tree-shaded area is the site of a charity camp in northern Iraq conceived as a way to raise money for beleaguered Kurds in warring Syria.

Big Oil faces crisis with Iraq over Kurds

ERBIL, Iraq, Sept. 20 (UPI) -- Top international oil companies operating in Iraq's Kurdish enclave are heading for a showdown with Baghdad.
Kurdish leader to meet fugitive Iraqi VP

Kurdish leader to meet fugitive Iraqi VP

ANKARA, Turkey, April 18 (UPI) -- A Kurdish leader from Iraq is to meet with the Iraqi vice president in Turkey for talks about Iraqi political developments, a Turkish official said.
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Massoud Barzani
U.S. President George W. Bush (R) shakes hands with Kurdish President Massoud Barzani after a meeting in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington on October 29, 2008. (UPI Photo/Matthew Cavanaugh/POOL)

Massoud Barzani (Kurdish: مسعود بارزانی; Arabic: مسعود بارزاني‎; born 16 August 1946) is the current President of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region and the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Barzani was born in Mahabad, Iran, during the rule of the Republic of Mahabad. He has five sons (incl. Masrour) and three daughters.

Massoud Barzani succeeded his father, the former Kurdish nationalist leader Mustafa Barzani, as the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) in 1979. Working closely with his brother Idriss Barzani until Idriss' death, Barzani and various other Kurdish groups fought Baghdad during the Iran-Iraq War. For much of this time, the Kurdish leadership was exiled to Iran.

With Saddam Hussein's defeat in the first Gulf War, Kurdish forces were able to retake much of the traditional homeland of the Kurds in Iraq. However, as Iraqi forces regrouped they pushed the Kurdish fighters back and hundreds of thousands of civilians fled to the mountains bordering Iran and Turkey, where thousands died under heavy fire from Iraqi gunships and many more succumbed to starvation and exposure. United States-led allies started Operation Provide Comfort to establish a safe zone within Iraq. This zone, protected by a no-fly zone, eventually developed into an autonomous Kurdish zone under the control of the two dominant Kurdish political parties, the KDP led by Massoud Barzani and the PUK led by Jalal Talabani. This zone incorporated most of the three governorates of Duhok, Hewler, and Silemani.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Massoud Barzani."
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