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Iraq to attend upcoming Arab summit

BAGHDAD, March 11 (UPI) -- The leader of Iraq's Governing Council, Mohammed Bahr el-Ouloum, will lead Iraq's delegation to the Arab summit in Tunisia later thi month.

Kurds: Better off under Saddam than U.S.

BAGHDAD, Jan. 21 (UPI) -- An Iraqi Kurd leader is complaining the group enjoyed more autonomy under Saddam Hussein's regime than under the proposed U.S. plan.

Kurds want autonomy under Iraq federation

BAGHDAD, Dec. 29 (UPI) -- Two Kurdish leaders reiterated Monday demands for Kurdish autonomy within the framework of a democratic and parliamentary federation in future Iraq.

Think tanks wrap-up III

WASHINGTON, May 2 (UPI) -- The UPI think tank wrap-up is a daily digest covering opinion pieces, reactions to recent news events and position statements released by various think tanks. T
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Massoud Barzani
U.S. President George W. Bush (R) shakes hands with Kurdish President Massoud Barzani after a meeting in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington on October 29, 2008. (UPI Photo/Matthew Cavanaugh/POOL)
Wiki

Massoud Barzani (Kurdish: مسعود بارزانی; Arabic: مسعود بارزاني‎; born 16 August 1946) is the current President of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region and the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Barzani was born in Mahabad, Iran, during the rule of the Republic of Mahabad. He has five sons (incl. Masrour) and three daughters.

Massoud Barzani succeeded his father, the former Kurdish nationalist leader Mustafa Barzani, as the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) in 1979. Working closely with his brother Idriss Barzani until Idriss' death, Barzani and various other Kurdish groups fought Baghdad during the Iran-Iraq War. For much of this time, the Kurdish leadership was exiled to Iran.

With Saddam Hussein's defeat in the first Gulf War, Kurdish forces were able to retake much of the traditional homeland of the Kurds in Iraq. However, as Iraqi forces regrouped they pushed the Kurdish fighters back and hundreds of thousands of civilians fled to the mountains bordering Iran and Turkey, where thousands died under heavy fire from Iraqi gunships and many more succumbed to starvation and exposure. United States-led allies started Operation Provide Comfort to establish a safe zone within Iraq. This zone, protected by a no-fly zone, eventually developed into an autonomous Kurdish zone under the control of the two dominant Kurdish political parties, the KDP led by Massoud Barzani and the PUK led by Jalal Talabani. This zone incorporated most of the three governorates of Duhok, Hewler, and Silemani.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Massoud Barzani."
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