KRG PM: 'Civil war' without Kirkuk vote

IRBIL, Iraq, Aug. 1 (UPI) -- Iraqi Kurdistan's prime minister has threatened "a real civil war" after the federal government missed a deadline to count voters in disputed territories.

Turkish prosecutor targets Kurdish leader

ERBIL, Iraq, June 20 (UPI) -- A Turkish state prosecutor has begun investigating Massoud Barzani, a Kurdish leader in northern Iraq, for alleged ties to the Kurdistan Workers Party.

Ill Iraqi president flown to Jordan

AMMAN, Jordan, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- Iraqi President Jalal Talabani suffered a "small stroke" and has been taken for medical treatment in Amman, Jordan, reports said Sunday.

Rice meets with Kurdish leader in Iraq

IRBIL, Iraq, Oct. 6 (UPI) -- A top Kurdish leader told U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, during her unannounced visit to Iraq Friday, that the Kurds would remain part of Iraq.

Sunni, Shia fight for control of Baghdad

BAGHDAD, March 25 (UPI) -- Iraqi leaders say that Sunni and Shiite Muslim forces have already begun a battle to determine who will control Baghdad. Fuad Hussein, chief of staff to Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani, told The Independent that militia from the two religious factions are

Kurds, Norwegians seek oil near Turkey

BAGHDAD, Dec. 7 (UPI) -- Norway's DNO ASA energy company is working with Iraq's regional Kurdish government to explore for crude oil near Turkey.

Blair says Britain won't pull out of Iraq

LONDON, Oct. 31 (UPI) -- British Prime Minister Tony Blair on Monday said British troops would remain in Iraq until the insurgency in the country ends.

Barzani president of Iraq Kurdistan

BAGHDAD, June 14 (UPI) -- Iraqi Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani was sworn in Tuesday as the first elected president of Kurdistan province in northern Iraq.

Iraq's Kurds support relations with Israel

BAGHDAD, June 7 (UPI) -- The president of Iraq's Kurdistan province, Massoud Barzani, says he has no objection to establishing diplomatic relations with Israel.

Rival Iraqi Kurds start unity talks

BAGHDAD, June 6 (UPI) -- Talks aimed at unifying two rival Kurdish factions in Iraq have begun with a goal of establishing a joint Cabinet for self-rule in the Kurdistan region.

Talabani to settle rift with Kurd rival

BAGHDAD, May 19 (UPI) -- Iraqi President Jalal Talabani headed to northern Iraq to settle differences with his Kurdish rival Massoud Barzani over ruling the province of Kurdistan.

Kurdish leader casts doubt on Iraq vote

BAGHDAD, Jan. 5 (UPI) -- Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani Wednesday cast doubt on the feasibility of holding elections in Iraq under prevailing insecurity and mounting violence.

Zarqawi spotted south of Kirkuk?

BAGHDAD, Nov. 22 (UPI) -- Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the suspected al-Qaida leader in Iraq, was spotted south of the northern Iraqi oil-center of Kirkuk, reports said Monday.

U.N. Iraq political team visits Mosul

BAGHDAD, April 12 (UPI) -- U.N. special Iraq adviser Lakhdar Brahimi and his team traveled to Mosul last weekend, their first trip outside Baghdad on this visit to Iraq.

Australia's Labor says no split on Iraq

SYDNEY, March 26 (UPI) -- The head of Australia's Labor Party Friday denied the opposition party was split on bringing troops home from Iraq by Christmas.
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Massoud Barzani
U.S. President George W. Bush (R) shakes hands with Kurdish President Massoud Barzani after a meeting in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington on October 29, 2008. (UPI Photo/Matthew Cavanaugh/POOL)

Massoud Barzani (Kurdish: مسعود بارزانی; Arabic: مسعود بارزاني‎; born 16 August 1946) is the current President of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region and the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Barzani was born in Mahabad, Iran, during the rule of the Republic of Mahabad. He has five sons (incl. Masrour) and three daughters.

Massoud Barzani succeeded his father, the former Kurdish nationalist leader Mustafa Barzani, as the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) in 1979. Working closely with his brother Idriss Barzani until Idriss' death, Barzani and various other Kurdish groups fought Baghdad during the Iran-Iraq War. For much of this time, the Kurdish leadership was exiled to Iran.

With Saddam Hussein's defeat in the first Gulf War, Kurdish forces were able to retake much of the traditional homeland of the Kurds in Iraq. However, as Iraqi forces regrouped they pushed the Kurdish fighters back and hundreds of thousands of civilians fled to the mountains bordering Iran and Turkey, where thousands died under heavy fire from Iraqi gunships and many more succumbed to starvation and exposure. United States-led allies started Operation Provide Comfort to establish a safe zone within Iraq. This zone, protected by a no-fly zone, eventually developed into an autonomous Kurdish zone under the control of the two dominant Kurdish political parties, the KDP led by Massoud Barzani and the PUK led by Jalal Talabani. This zone incorporated most of the three governorates of Duhok, Hewler, and Silemani.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Massoud Barzani."
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