Kerry thanks Kurds for stepping in to fight ISIS

Kerry thanks Kurds for stepping in to fight ISIS

BAGHDAD, June 24 (UPI) --U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry met Tuesday in Erbil, the capital of the semi-autonomous Kurdistan region, with Kurdish leaders.
JC Finley
Biden reached out to Iraqi, Kurdish leaders to discuss oil export management

Biden reached out to Iraqi, Kurdish leaders to discuss oil export management

March 21 (UPI) -- Vice President Biden conveyed America's commitment to helping Iraq and Kurdistan reach a permanent agreement regarding Iraq's oil export management.
JC Finley
Vice President Biden telephones Iraqi Kurdish Regional Government president

Vice President Biden telephones Iraqi Kurdish Regional Government president

WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 (UPI) -- Vice President Joe Biden telephoned Iraqi Kurdish Regional Government President Masoud Barzani on Friday to discuss political, economic, and security issues.
JC Finley
Iraqi, Kurdish leaders meet in Baghdad

Iraqi, Kurdish leaders meet in Baghdad

BAGHDAD, July 8 (UPI) -- Bilateral talks between the Kurdish and central governments in Iraq suggest the political will exists to resolve ongoing crises, a U.N. special envoy said.

Iraq: No breakthrough seen in Maliki visit to Kurds

ERBIL, Iraq, June 12 (UPI) -- Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's weekend visit to Iraq's semiautonomous Kurdish enclave did not produce any visible sign of a breakthrough in Baghdad's feud with the independence-minded Kurds who're now exporting oil through neighboring Turkey.

Iraqi political talks earn praise

BAGHDAD, June 10 (UPI) -- A visit by Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to the semiautonomous Kurdish north is a step toward national peace, the U.N. envoy for Iraq said.

Kurds welcome British genocide statement

ERBIL, Iraq, March 8 (UPI) -- Britain established its reputation as an international leader by formally recognizing Saddam Hussein's regime committed genocide in Iraq, a Kurdish leader said.

Kurds discuss Iraqi crises with U.S. envoy

ERBIL, Iraq, March 7 (UPI) -- The foreign minister from the semiautonomous Kurdish government of Iraq said support was needed to ensure the country stays on the right path.

U.N. calls for restraint in Iraq

BAGHDAD, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- Iraqi protesters and political groups alike are called on to exercise their utmost restraint in airing their grievances, the U.N. envoy to Iraq said.

Bomb blasts, violence kill 28 in Iraq

KIRKUK, Iraq, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- Car bomb blasts in the restive Iraqi city of Kirkuk killed nearly two dozen people while violence in the Baghdad area killed at least five people, police said.

Iraq reviews relationship with Turkey

BAGHDAD, Aug. 8 (UPI) -- The Iraqi government said it was reconsidering its relationship with Ankara after the Turkish foreign minister met with leaders in the Kurdish north.

Turkey, Kurds wary of security vacuum

ERBIL, Iraq, Aug. 3 (UPI) -- Any effort by violent groups or organizations to exploit a power vacuum in Syria is a common threat to Turkish and Kurdish interests, a joint statement read.

Total sees 'new opportunities' in Iraq

HOUSTON, Aug. 1 (UPI) -- Marathon Oil Corp. and French supermajor Total announced they will work together to develop oil fields in the semiautonomous Kurdish region of Iraq.

Iraqis fret over U.S. vision for democracy

BAGHDAD, April 9 (UPI) -- The U.S. vision for a united and democratic Iraq is coming unraveled, an Iraqi lawmaker from the Sunni-backed Iraqiya slate said.

Exxon committed to Iraqi Kurdistan

WASHINGTON, April 6 (UPI) -- Exxon Mobil is committed to working in oil fields controlled by the semiautonomous government in northern Iraq, the company's top executive said.
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Masoud Barzani
President George W. Bush (R) gestures to Masoud Barzani, president of the Iraqi Regional Government of Kurdistan, during a meeting in the Oval Office, Tuesday 25 October 2005. Bush noted that Barzani, who was wearing Kurdistani national dress, would have been killed for such a thing during the rule of Saddam Hussein. (UPI Photo/Mike Theiler/Pool)

Masoud Barzani (Kurdish: مسعودبارزانی, Mesûd Barzanî) (born August 16, 1946) is the current President of the Iraqi Kurdistan region and the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Barzani was born in Mahabad, Iran, during the rule of the Republic of Mahabad. He has five sons (incl. Masrour) and three daughters.

Masoud Barzani succeeded his father, the former Kurdish nationalist leader Mustafa Barzani, as the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) in 1979. Working closely with his brother Idriss Barzani until Idriss' death, Barzani was able to continue the Kurdish struggle through the trying years of the Iran-Iraq War. For much of this time, the Iraqi Kurdish leadership was exiled to Iran.

With Saddam Hussein's defeat in the first Gulf War, Kurdish forces were able to retake much of the traditional homeland of the Kurds in Iraq. However, as Iraqi forces regrouped they pushed the Kurdish fighters back and hundreds of thousands of civilians fled to the mountains bordering Iran and Turkey, where thousands died under heavy fire from Iraqi gunships and many more succumbed to starvation and exposure. Turkish authorities refused to allow Kurds into their country, and the United States-led allies stepped in to establish a safe zone within Iraq. This zone, protected by a no-fly zone, eventually developed into an autonomous Kurdish zone under the control of the two dominant Kurdish political parties, the KDP led by Masoud Barzani and the PUK led by Jalal Talabani. This zone incorporated most of the three governorates of Dohuk, Erbil, and Suleimaniyah.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Masoud Barzani."
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