The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Jan. 19, 2014.
By United Press International
Communist Party of China holds symposium to commemorate Mao Zedong

Communist Party of China holds symposium to commemorate Mao Zedong

BEIJING, Dec. 26 (UPI) -- The Communist Party of China marked the 120th anniversary of Mao Zedong's birth with a symposium, party officials said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 26, 2013.
By United Press International

Woman held as slave for 30 years in London reunited with sister

LONDON, Nov. 29 (UPI) -- One of three women London police say were held as slaves for 30 years was reunited this week with her sister, who said the family had missed her "desperately."

'Slavery' couple were former Maoist activists, archives indicate

LONDON, Nov. 25 (UPI) -- A married couple arrested in England for holding three women captive as long as 30 years are former Maoist activists, historical records indicate.
China to let market play 'decisive' role

China to let market play 'decisive' role

BEIJING, Nov. 13 (UPI) -- China's Communist Party Central Committee, led by a new leadership, acknowledged the market's "decisive role" in shaping the country's economic future.

Vehicle crashes, bursts into flames in Tiananmen Square; 5 dead

BEIJING, Oct. 28 (UPI) -- A vehicle plowed into a crowd of people and caught fire in front of Tiananmen Square in Beijing Monday, killing five people and injuring 38, police said.
Medvedev announces oil agreement during state visit to China

Medvedev announces oil agreement during state visit to China

BEIJING, Oct. 22 (UPI) -- Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said Tuesday the state oil company, Rosneft, will supply 100 million tons more oil to China in the next decade.
Higher court agrees to hear Bo Xilai appeal

Higher court agrees to hear Bo Xilai appeal

BEIJING, Oct. 9 (UPI) -- A Chinese provincial court said it will hear the appeal of a former high-level Chinese Communist Party official convicted of corruption last month.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 1, 2013.
By United Press International

China's Communist Party takes part in self-criticism

SHIJIAZHUANG, China, Sept. 27 (UPI) -- Communist Party officials said they took part in a televised self-criticism session in China, a practice that hasn't been popular since the Cultural Revolution.

Former high-level Chinese official to appeal corruption conviction

BEIJING, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- A former high-level Chinese Communist Party official says he will appeal his corruption and abuse of power convictions.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 9, 2013.
By United Press International

Peru captures Sendero Luminoso's No. 2 man: 'Comrade Alipio'

LIMA, Aug. 13 (UPI) -- Peru's government announced success in its campaign against the Maoist guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso.

Commentary: Global Peace Index

WASHINGTON, June 14 (UPI) -- In the 2013 Global Peace Index of 162 nations, Iceland ranks first, Afghanistan last.
Page 1 of 8
Mao Zedong
President Gerald Ford met with Chairman Mao Tse-tung of the People's Republic of China in Peking during his official visit that took place from December 1-5, 1975. (UPI Photo/Files)

Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung  listen (help·info), and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), was a Chinese Communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, Marxist political philosopher, and leader of the Chinese Revolution. He was the architect and founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949, and held authoritarian control over the nation until his death in 1976. His theoretical contribution to Marxism–Leninism, along with his military strategies and brand of policies, are collectively known as Maoism.

Mao rose to power by commanding the Long March, forming a Second United Front with Nationalists during the Second Sino-Japanese War to repel a Japanese invasion, and leading the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War. After solidifying the reunification of China through his Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries, Mao enacted sweeping land reform, by using violence and terror to overthrow the feudal landlords before seizing their large estates and dividing the land into people's communes. During the years when Mao was China’s 'Great Helmsman', a range of positive changes came to China. These included doubling the school population, providing universal housing, abolishing unemployment and inflation, increasing health care access, and dramatically raising life expectancy. As a result, Mao is still officially held in high regard by many in China as a great political strategist, military mastermind, and savior of the nation. Maoists further promote his role as a theorist, statesman, poet, and visionary, while anti-revisionists continue to defend most of his policies.

Mao remains a controversial figure to this day, with a contentious legacy that is subject to continuing revision and fierce debate. Nationwide political campaigns led by Mao, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, are often considered catastrophic failures. While China's population almost doubled during the period of Mao's leadership (from around 550 to over 900 million), his rule from 1949 to 1976 is believed to have caused the deaths of 40 to 70 million people. Severe starvation during the Great Chinese Famine, mass suicide as a result of the Three-anti/five-anti campaigns, and political persecution during both the Anti-Rightist Movement and struggle sessions all resulted from these programs. His campaigns and their varying disastrous consequences are further blamed for damaging the culture and society of China, as historical relics were destroyed and religious sites were ransacked.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mao Zedong."
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