facebook
twitter
rss
account
search
search
Headlines
Nine scientists awarded Kavli prize

Nine scientists awarded Kavli prize

NEW YORK, May 29 (UPI) --Nine scientists have been awarded Kavli prizes; the winners were announced Thursday at the World Science Festival in New York.
Brooks Hays

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Dec. 27, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, July 6, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 27, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, July 6, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 27, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Dec. 27, 2008.
By United Press International

Blocked gene key to ovulation, study finds

MONTREAL, July 18 (UPI) -- New contraception methods and infertility treatments may result from the isolation of a key gene to ovulation, researchers from Canada and Europe said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, July 6, 2008.
By United Press International

Red wine may blunt aging, aid heart

MADISON, Wis., June 4 (UPI) -- U.S. researchers say low doses of resveratrol -- found in red wine -- may solve the "French paradox" of why the French have good hearts despite a high-fat diet.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 27, 2007.
By United Press International

Grape juice as good for heart as wine

BORDEAUX, France, Oct. 2 (UPI) -- Researchers in France found Concord grape juice stimulated an arterial relaxation effect in a similar fashion to red wine.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Friday, July 6, 2007.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 27, 2006.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, July 6, the 187th day of 2006 with 178 to follow.
By United Press International
Prev
Page 1 of 3
Wiki

Louis Pasteur ( /ˈluːi pæsˈtɜr/, French pronunciation ; December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist born in Dole. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and he created the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax. His experiments supported the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of microbiology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch. Pasteur also made many discoveries in the field of chemistry, most notably the molecular basis for the asymmetry of certain crystals. His body lies beneath the Institute Pasteur in Paris in a spectacular vault covered in depictions of his accomplishments in Byzantine mosaics.

Louis Pasteur was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole in the Jura region of France, into the family of a poor tanner. Louis grew up in the town of Arbois. He gained degrees in Letters and in Mathematical Sciences before entering the École Normale Supérieure, an elite college. After serving briefly as professor of physics at Dijon Lycée in 1848, he became professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg, where he met and courted Marie Laurent, daughter of the university's rector, in 1849. They were married on May 29, 1849, and together had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood; the other three died of typhoid. These personal tragedies inspired Pasteur to try to find cures for diseases such as typhoid.

In Pasteur's early work as a chemist, he resolved a problem concerning the nature of tartaric acid (1848). A solution of this compound derived from living things (specifically, wine lees) rotated the plane of polarization of light passing through it. The mystery was that tartaric acid derived by chemical synthesis had no such effect, even though its chemical reactions were identical and its elemental composition was the same. This was the first time anyone had demonstrated chiral molecules.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Louis Pasteur."
Most Popular
1
Evan Rachel Wood says Vanity Fair cover made her 'like meat' Evan Rachel Wood says Vanity Fair cover made her 'like meat'
2
Tesla could face sales ban in Michigan Tesla could face sales ban in Michigan
3
Led Zeppelin loses first round in 'Stairway to Heaven' plagiarism lawsuit Led Zeppelin loses first round in 'Stairway to Heaven' plagiarism lawsuit
4
Marijuana decriminalized in Philadelphia Marijuana decriminalized in Philadelphia
5
Kate Hudson and Goldie Hawn get pink highlights for breast cancer awareness Kate Hudson and Goldie Hawn get pink highlights for breast cancer awareness
x
Feedback