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Breaking News: Former Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice wins appeal, eligible to sign
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Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver induct 12 Honorees into the 2008 California Hall of Fame
The California Hall of Fame 2008 inductees pose for a photo at a ceremony hosted by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver in Sacramento, California on December 15, 2008. From left to right, Dave Brubeck; Jane Fonda; Audrey Geisel, widow of Theodor Geisel (for Theodor Geisel); Steven Graham, son of Robert Graham (for Robert Graham); Quincy Jones; Jack LaLanne; Daniel Dixon, elder son of Dorothea Lange (for Dorothea Lange); Ellen North, great niece of Julia Morgan (for Julia Morgan); Jack Nicholson; Dr. Linus Pauling, Jr., eldest son of Linus Pauling (for Linus Pauling); Tom Stanford, great grandfather was Leland Stanford's brother (for Leland Stanford) and Alice Waters. (UPI Photo/The California Museum)
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Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, peace activist, author, and educator. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists of the 20th century. Pauling was among the first scientists to work in the fields of quantum chemistry and of molecular biology.

Pauling is one of only four individuals to have won multiple Nobel Prizes. He is one of only two people awarded two Nobel Prizes in different fields (the Chemistry and Peace prizes), the other being Marie Curie (the Chemistry and Physics prizes), and the only person awarded two unshared prizes.

Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon, as the first born child to Herman Henry William Pauling (1876–1910) and Lucy Isabelle "Belle" Darling (1881–1926). He was named "Linus Carl," in honor of Lucy's father, Linus, and Herman's father, Carl. Herman and Lucy—then 23 and 18 years old, respectively—had met at a dinner party in Condon. Six months later, the two were married.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Linus Pauling."
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