Russia nominates 'Stalingrad' for Oscars

MOSCOW, Sept. 21 (UPI) -- Russia's Oscars nomination commission said it chose Fyodor Bondarchuk's World War II drama "Stalingrad" as its entry for the foreign-language Academy Award.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 9, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, May 31, 2013.
By United Press International

Russia starts registry of banned websites

MOSCOW, Nov. 5 (UPI) -- A registry of websites that carry information about drugs, pornography, suicide and other banned topics was launched in Russia, authorities said.

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UPI Almanac for Sunday, Sept. 9, 2012.
By United Press International

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UPI Almanac for Thursday, May 31, 2012.
By United Press International
Knightley to star in 'Anna Karenina'

Knightley to star in 'Anna Karenina'

NEW YORK, Sept. 8 (UPI) -- Joe Wright is to direct British actress Keira Knightley in a big-screen adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's classic novel "Anna Karenina," Focus Features said Thursday.
Plummer channels Tolstoy in 'Last Station'

Plummer channels Tolstoy in 'Last Station'

NEW YORK, Dec. 29 (UPI) -- Christopher Plummer says he relished playing iconic Russian author Leo Tolstoy at the end of his life in the new film "The Last Station."
KAREN BUTLER, United Press International

Mirren top actress at Rome Film Festival

ROME, Oct. 24 (UPI) -- British actress Helen Mirren was honored for her role in "The Last Station" with a best actress award at the Rome International Film Festival.

Tolstoy relative facing uncertain times

LONDON, June 7 (UPI) -- Alexandra Tolstoy, a distant relative of famed Russian author Leo Tolstoy, is struggling with a newborn while divorcing her husband, a family friend says.

Survey: Britons lie about reading

LONDON, March 5 (UPI) -- A survey released to coincide with World Book Day suggests two-thirds of Britons have lied about reading classic books such as Leo Tolstoy's "War and Peace."

Solzhenitsyn's achievement in exposing communism

WASHINGTON, Aug. 4 (UPI) -- Alexander Solzhenitsyn passed away Sunday at the age of 89 after one of the most extraordinary lives in the history of world literature.

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UPI Almanac for Saturday, May 31, 2008.
By United Press International

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UPI Almanac for Sunday, Sept. 9, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Thursday, May 31, 2007.
By United Press International
Page 1 of 2

Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9, 1828 – November 20, 1910) was a Russian writer who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Later in life, he also wrote plays and essays. His two most famous works, the novels War and Peace and Anna Karenina, are acknowledged as two of the greatest novels of all time and a pinnacle of realist fiction. Many consider Tolstoy to have been one of the world's greatest novelists. Tolstoy is equally known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic views, which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening in the 1870s, after which he also became noted as a moral thinker and social reformer.

His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and anarcho-pacifist. His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tolstoy was born in Yasnaya Polyana, the family estate in the Tula region of Russia. The Tolstoys were a well-known family of old Russian nobility. He was the fourth of five children of Count Nikolai Ilyich Tolstoy, a veteran of the Patriotic War of 1812, and Countess Mariya Tolstaya (Volkonskaya). Tolstoy's parents died when he was young, so he and his siblings were brought up by relatives. In 1844, he began studying law and oriental languages at Kazan University. His teachers described him as "both unable and unwilling to learn." Tolstoy left university in the middle of his studies, returned to Yasnaya Polyana and then spent much of his time in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1851, after running up heavy gambling debts, he went with his older brother to the Caucasus and joined the army. It was about this time that he started writing.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Leo Tolstoy."
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