The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 24, 2013.
By United Press International

Fla. school board OKs name change for HS named after KKK leader

JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Dec. 17 (UPI) -- A school board voted to change the name of a Jacksonville, Fla., high school from one many associated with slavery, the Confederacy and the Ku Klux Klan.
Jacksonville high school named after KKK grand wizard will change its name

Jacksonville high school named after KKK grand wizard will change its name

Dec. 17 (UPI) -- Nathan Bedford Forrest High School, named after the Ku Klux Klan's first grand wizard, will change its name.
Evan Bleier

Fla. district to consider removing KKK head from school name

JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Nov. 10 (UPI) -- A school board in Florida said it has agreed to consider whether to remove an early Ku Klux Klan leader's name from a primarily black high school.

Town defends itself after resident dresses as Klansman on Halloween

CRAIGSVILLE, Va., Nov. 5 (UPI) -- A Ku Klux Klan Halloween costume worn by a Craigsville, Va., boy is prompting questions of whether the organization is active in the area, the mayor said.

Court rejects 'Mississippi Burning' case review

WASHINGTON, Nov. 4 (UPI) -- The U.S. Supreme Court Monday refused to review the conviction of a man in the "Mississippi Burning" killings of three civil rights workers in 1964.

Mosques -- Smiling dens of iniquity?

HERNDON, Va., Oct. 15 (UPI) -- It is appropriate to apply an old biblical term "den of iniquity" to mosques as the New York City Police Department has been doing for some Islamic centers.
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator

Klan rally at Gettysburg canceled due to federal shutdown

GETTYSBURG, Pa., Oct. 1 (UPI) -- A Ku Klux Klan rally scheduled Saturday at the Gettysburg, Pa., National Military Park has been canceled due to the federal government shutdown.

Klan cadre blasts Obama at Md. Civil War battlefield

SHAPRSBURG, Md., Sept. 8 (UPI) -- Ku Klux Klan members gathered at a Civil War battlefield in Maryland accused President Barack Obama of trying to "destroy America."

Ku Klux Klan, NAACP leaders meeting in Wyoming

CASPER, Wyo., Sept. 4 (UPI) -- A Ku Klux Klan organizer and a NAACP leader purposely met in peace -- maybe for the first time in history -- in Casper, Wyo., the Casper Star-Tribune reported.

Pennsylvania state police seek donated horses

PITTSBURGH, July 6 (UPI) -- The Pennsylvania state police are looking for help with crowd control and need a few easygoing, fit, 1,800-pound recruits -- horses, that is.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, June 21, 2013.
By United Press International

Terrorism radiation plot uncovered in Albany, N.Y.

ALBANY, N.Y., June 19 (UPI) -- A plot by an individual to build and sell a deadly mobile radiation device was uncovered in Albany, N.Y., a federal complaint unsealed Wednesday revealed.

Colorado residents receive invite to Ku Klux Klan

SECURITY-WIDEFIELD, Colo., June 3 (UPI) -- A number of residents of Security-Widefield, Colo., received invitations to join the Ku Klux Klan in their mailboxes, officials said.

Feds fault N.Y. school district's response to race bullying

ALBANY, N.Y., May 29 (UPI) -- A New York school district says it has reached an agreement with U.S. education officials who charged it improperly handled a bullied biracial student.
Page 2 of 4
Ku Klux Klan
About 25 white-robed Ku Klux Klan members holding a rally outside Rockville, Maryland 11/6/1982 where police outnumbered Klan members 10 to 1.

Ku Klux Klan, often abbreviated KKK and informally known as The Klan, is the name of three distinct past and present far-right organizations in the United States, which have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism. Since the mid-20th century, the KKK has also been anti-communist. The current manifestation is splintered into several chapters and is classified as a hate group.

The first Klan flourished in the South in the 1860s, then died out by the early 1870s. Their iconic white costumes consisted of robes, masks, and conical hats, and were designed to be outlandish and terrifying. The second KKK flourished nationwide in the early and mid 1920s, and adopted the same costumes and code words as the first Klan, while introducing cross burnings. The third KKK emerged after World War II and was associated with opposing the civil rights movement and progress among minorities. All incarnations of the Klan have well-established records of engaging in terrorism, though historians debate how widely the tactic was supported by the membership of the second KKK.

The first Klan was founded in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee by veterans of the Confederate Army. Although it never had an organizational structure above the local level, similar groups across the South adopted the name and methods. Klan groups spread throughout the South as an insurgent movement during the Reconstruction era in the United States As a secret vigilante group, the Klan focused its anger reacted against Radical Republicans and sought to restore white supremacy by threats and violence, including murder, against black and white Republicans. In 1870 and 1871 the federal government passed the Force Acts, which were used to prosecute Klan crimes. Prosecution of Klan crimes and enforcement of the Force Acts suppressed Klan activity. In 1874 and later, however, newly organized and openly active paramilitary organizations, such as the White League and the Red Shirts, started a fresh round of violence aimed at suppressing Republican voting and running Republicans out of office. These contributed to segregationist white Democrats regaining political power in all the Southern states by 1877.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ku Klux Klan."
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