Kemal Derviş (Turkish pronunciation: ; born 10 January 1949) is a Turkish economist and politician, and former head of the United Nations Development Programme. He was honored by the government of Japan for having "contributed to mainstreaming Japan's development assistance policy through the United Nations." In 2005, he was ranked 67th in the Top 100 Public Intellectuals Poll conducted by Prospect and Foreign Policy magazines. He is currently Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution.
Derviş was born on January 10, 1949 in Istanbul, Turkey to a Turkish father and a Dutch-German mother.
As Minister of State for Economic Affairs in Turkey when Bülent Ecevit was Prime Minister, Derviş was the architect of Turkey's successful three-year economic recovery program launched in 2001. Before being named to head the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), he was a member of the Turkish parliament, and a member of the joint commission of the Turkish and European Parliaments. He previously was a member of the Convention on the Future of Europe.