Book of the week: After Shakespeare

SAN DIEGO, July 22 (UPI) -- There has been a lot of controversy lately about the relevance of Shakespeare, and if he should still be taught in high schools.

Stealing from the enemy

PITTSBURGH, June 15 (UPI) -- Was George W. Bush listening carefully to Ronaald Reagan in 1982 when he consigned Soviet communism to "the ash heap of history"? Jerry Bowyer believes he was.

Rootless Cosmopolitan: Berlin Beat

BERLIN, June 5 (UPI) -- There are many periods of German history that color peoples' image of Berlin. Some people think of the Nazi era or the Cold War. Others may envision Germany as

Faceoff: The corporate reform corps

WASHINGTON, May 24 (UPI) -- Is the Bush administration too close to corporate America? UPI National Political Analysts Peter Roff, a conservative, and Jim Chapin, a liberal, face off on th
By United Press International

Faceoff: Politics or principle?

WASHINGTON, May 15 (UPI) -- Last week, Under Secretary of State John Bolton gave a speech in which he added Libya, Syria and Cuba to the list of nations posing a threat to the United State
PETER ROFF and JAMES CHAPIN, UPI National Political Analysts

Browsing Berlin's kitsch and cool shops

BERLIN, May 8 (UPI) --  As the red residue of the Berlin Wall slowly subsides into the 21st century, a new Berlin is emerging.
RHONDA ROHRABACHER, Rootless Cosmopolitan

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, May 5, the 125th day of 2002 with 240 to follow. The moon is waning, moving toward its new phase. There are no morning stars.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

Old socialists look back on May Day

WASHINGTON, May 3 (UPI) -- A diverse group of former and current devotees of socialism shared their conflicting views of the legacy left behind by that political and philosophical movemen
CHRISTIAN BOURGE, UPI Think Tank Correspondent

Socialism, Marx and causation

WASHINGTON, April 23 (UPI) -- The collapse of socialism has enticed commentators to make rash generalizations about causality in human affairs.

Think Tanks Wrap-up

WASHINGTON, Feb. 28 (UPI) -- The abstract will read thus if the box below is blank: The UPI Think Tank Wrap-up is a daily digest covering brief opinion pieces, reactions to recent news events, and position statements released by various think tanks.

Putin's Moscow

MOSCOW, Feb. 26 (UPI) -- Clearly Western values and styles are on the ascendancy among the Russians, but there is a sub-surface resentment among those who feel insulted that their syste
RHONDA ROHRABACHER, Rootless Cosmopolitan

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Feb. 26, the 57th day of 2002 with 308 to follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase.
By United Press International

Special Assignment: Cooper Union

NEW YORK, Dec. 21 (UPI) -- Less than a mile from Ground Zero, at Astor Place in the East Village, there stands a big brown Gothic building that looks kind of gloomy and foreboding. It's t

Headline: Sermon of the week: Advent stars

WASHINGTON, Dec. 1 (UPI) -- Story Text: (This is the 35th installment of the UPI series of sermons and the first in the new church year. In his homily, the Rev. Dr. Johannes Richter, forme

Advent offers hope during suffering

WASHINGTON, Dec. 2 (UPI) -- (This is the 35th installment of the UPI series of sermons and the first in the new church year. In his homily, the Rev. Dr. Johannes Richter, former superinten
Page 4 of 5

Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, sociologist, historian, political economist, political theorist and revolutionary socialist, who developed the socio-political theory of Marxism. His ideas have since played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime, with the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867–1894), many of which were co-written with his friend, the fellow German revolutionary socialist Friedrich Engels.

Born into a wealthy middle class family in Trier, Prussia, Marx went on to study at both the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin, where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians. In 1836, he became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, marrying her in 1843. Following the completion of his studies, he became a journalist in Cologne, writing for a radical newspaper, the Rheinische Zeitung, where he began to use Hegelian concepts of dialectical materialism to influence his ideas on socialism. Moving to Paris in 1843, he began writing for other radical newspapers, the Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher and Vorwärts!, as well as writing a series of books, several of which were co-written with Engels. Exiled to Brussels in Belgium in 1845, he became a leading figure of the Communist League, before moving back to Cologne, where he founded his own newspaper, the Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Exiled once more, in 1849 he moved to London together with his wife Jenny and their children. In London, where the family was reduced to poverty, Marx continued writing and formulating his theories about the nature of society and how he believed it could be improved, as well as campaigning for socialism and becoming a significant figure in the International Workingmen's Association.

Marx's theories about society, economics and politics, which are collectively known as Marxism, hold that all society progresses through the dialectic of class struggle. He was heavily critical of the current socio-economic form of society, capitalism, which he called the "dictatorship of the bourgeoisie", believing it to be run by the wealthy middle and upper classes purely for their own benefit, and predicted that, like previous socioeconomic systems, it would inevitably produce internal tensions which would lead to its self-destruction and replacement by a new system, socialism. Under socialism, he argued that society would be governed by the working class in what he called the "dictatorship of the proletariat", the "workers state" or "workers' democracy". He believed that socialism would, in its turn, eventually be replaced by a stateless, classless society called pure communism. Along with believing in the inevitability of socialism and communism, Marx actively fought for the former's implementation, arguing that both social theorists and underprivileged people should carry out organised revolutionary action to topple capitalism and bring about socio-economic change.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Karl Marx."
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