21 trapped Ukrainian miners found alive

DONETSK, Ukraine, June 9 (UPI) -- Thirteen miners remained trapped in an underground Ukrainian coal mine Monday following the rescue of 23 others, a spokeswoman for a mine safety group said.

Coal mine explosion leaves 40 missing

KIEV, Ukraine, June 8 (UPI) -- An explosion at an underground Ukrainian coal mine Sunday left 40 people missing and another three people injured, the country's Emergencies Ministry said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, May 5, 2008.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Saturday, May 5, 2007.
By United Press International

Castro stays away from birthday gala

HAVANA, Nov. 29 (UPI) -- Cuban dictator Fidel Castro sent a note of apology to well-wishers, saying he was too ill to attend an 80th birthday gala Tuesday in Havana.

Chinese Communist Party marks 85th year

BEIJING, July 1 (UPI) -- The Communist Party of China celebrated its 85th birthday Saturday.

The Almanac

Today is Friday, May 5, the 125th day of 2006 with 240 to follow.
By United Press International

Exiled Chinese writer Liu Binyan dead

EAST WINDSOR, N.J., Dec. 6 (UPI) -- Liu Binyan, a Chinese writer who spent years in exile after exposing corruption in the Communist Party, has died of colon cancer. He was 80.

Thousands protest end to Soviet holiday

MOSCOW, Nov. 8 (UPI) -- At least 11,000 demonstrators marched through downtown Moscow to protest the removal of a national holiday dear to the hearts of communists. For the first time in decades, Monday's anniversary of the 1917 October Revolution which led to the founding of th

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, May 5, the 125th day of 2005 with 240 to follow.
By United Press International

Jockstrip: The world as we know it

Big John toilet seat ideal for Santa ... Obese U.S. tourists blamed for broken chairs ... Gamblers using laser can keep money ... Graphologists analyze historical handwriting ... The world as we know it from UPI.
By United Press International

Graphologists analyze historical handwriting

LONDON, Dec. 5 (UPI) -- Graphologists have reportedly concluded Charles Dickens was arrogant, Winston Churchill was pigheaded and Karl Marx refused to listen during an argument.

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, May 5, the 126th day of 2004 with 240 to follow.
By United Press International

Adenauer 'the best German' - poll.

BERLIN, Dec. 5 (UPI) -- Konrad Adenauer, the first Chancellor of West Germany after 1945, has been chosen as "Germany's Best" in a nationwide television competition.

The Bear's Lair: The new Cold War

WASHINGTON, Oct. 6 (UPI) -- The Cold War, against people trying to create an infinitely powerful, infinitely unresponsive world government, was supposed to have ended in 1991. Except that those people never really went away.
MARTIN HUTCHINSON, UPI Business and Economics Editor
Page 2 of 5

Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, sociologist, historian, political economist, political theorist and revolutionary socialist, who developed the socio-political theory of Marxism. His ideas have since played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime, with the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867–1894), many of which were co-written with his friend, the fellow German revolutionary socialist Friedrich Engels.

Born into a wealthy middle class family in Trier, Prussia, Marx went on to study at both the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin, where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians. In 1836, he became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, marrying her in 1843. Following the completion of his studies, he became a journalist in Cologne, writing for a radical newspaper, the Rheinische Zeitung, where he began to use Hegelian concepts of dialectical materialism to influence his ideas on socialism. Moving to Paris in 1843, he began writing for other radical newspapers, the Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher and Vorwärts!, as well as writing a series of books, several of which were co-written with Engels. Exiled to Brussels in Belgium in 1845, he became a leading figure of the Communist League, before moving back to Cologne, where he founded his own newspaper, the Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Exiled once more, in 1849 he moved to London together with his wife Jenny and their children. In London, where the family was reduced to poverty, Marx continued writing and formulating his theories about the nature of society and how he believed it could be improved, as well as campaigning for socialism and becoming a significant figure in the International Workingmen's Association.

Marx's theories about society, economics and politics, which are collectively known as Marxism, hold that all society progresses through the dialectic of class struggle. He was heavily critical of the current socio-economic form of society, capitalism, which he called the "dictatorship of the bourgeoisie", believing it to be run by the wealthy middle and upper classes purely for their own benefit, and predicted that, like previous socioeconomic systems, it would inevitably produce internal tensions which would lead to its self-destruction and replacement by a new system, socialism. Under socialism, he argued that society would be governed by the working class in what he called the "dictatorship of the proletariat", the "workers state" or "workers' democracy". He believed that socialism would, in its turn, eventually be replaced by a stateless, classless society called pure communism. Along with believing in the inevitability of socialism and communism, Marx actively fought for the former's implementation, arguing that both social theorists and underprivileged people should carry out organised revolutionary action to topple capitalism and bring about socio-economic change.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Karl Marx."
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