The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2006 with 172 to follow.
By United Press International

Britain to return rare coin to Greece

ATHENS, Greece, June 16 (UPI) -- Britain has agreed to return to Greece a rare Roman coin that was taken from the country illegally.

Archaeologists find Augustan head in Italy

ROME, May 9 (UPI) -- A marble, bas-relief, head of the Emperor Augustus has been found at a large and well-appointed Roman villa site near Rome.

Kingsley compares 'Slevin' to 'Lear'

NEW YORK, April 4 (UPI) -- Ben Kingsley says his theater background helped him see similarities between his new movie, "Lucky Number Slevin," and Shakespeare's bloodiest tragedies.

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, March 15, the 74th day of 2006 with 291 to follow.
By United Press International

Study issues warning about crumbling ruins

ROME, Feb. 17 (UPI) -- An Italian government study warns that some of Rome's ancient structures are crumbling, posing a mortal threat to millions of tourists visiting the capital.

Ancient ashes found buried in Rome

ROME, Feb. 8 (UPI) -- Archeologists have reportedly found the ashes of an ancient chief or priest who lived three centuries before the legendary founding of Rome.

Guantanamo detainee sues to get Bible

WASHINGTON, Nov. 23 (UPI) -- A former Pakistani businessman and accused al-Qaida operative held two years at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has sued to get a copy of the King James Bible.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Aug. 30, the 242nd day of 2005 with 123 to follow.
By United Press International

Writer Danny Simon dead at 86

PORTLAND, Ore., July 28 (UPI) -- Veteran TV comedy writer Danny Simon, the older brother of playwright Neil Simon, has died in Portland, Ore., at age 86.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday July 12, the 193rd day of 2005 with 172 to follow.
By United Press International

'Julius Caesar' hits break-even point

NEW YORK, May 27 (UPI) -- "Julius Caesar" is mighty at the box office, at least on Broadway with superstar Denzel Washington playing one of his assassins.

Tony Awards feature tough male competition

NEW YORK, May 4 (UPI) -- Competition for the men's categories in this year's Tony Awards, to be presented June 5 in New York, is emerging as unusually fierce.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, March 15, the 74th day of 2005 with 291 to follow.
By United Press International

Denzel begins B'way run in 'Julius Caesar'

NEW YORK, March 9 (UPI) -- Oscar-winning actor Denzel Washington has begun his run in the new Broadway production of William Shakespeare's drama, "Julius Caesar."
Page 3 of 6
Julius Caesar
Composer Isaac Hayes attends the April 3, 2005 Broadway opening night production of William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar starring Denzel Washington. (UPI Photo/Ezio Petersen)

Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

In 60 BC, Caesar entered into a political alliance with Crassus and Pompey that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed within the Roman Senate by the conservative elite, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain. These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse Pompey's standing. The balance of power was further upset by the death of Crassus in 53 BC. Political realignments in Rome finally led to a standoff between Caesar and Pompey, the latter having taken up the cause of the Senate. Ordered by the senate to stand trial in Rome for various charges, Caesar marched from Gaul to Italy with his legions, crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC. This sparked a civil war from which he emerged as the unrivaled leader of the Roman world.

After assuming control of government, he began extensive reforms of Roman society and government. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity". A group of senators, led by Marcus Junius Brutus, assassinated the dictator on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, hoping to restore the constitutional government of the Republic. However, the result was a series of civil wars, which ultimately led to the establishment of the permanent Roman Empire by Caesar's adopted heir Octavius (later known as Augustus). Much of Caesar's life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Julius Caesar."
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