Juan Domingo Perón (Spanish pronunciation: ; October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer, and politician. Perón was three times elected as President of Argentina though he only managed to serve one full term, after serving in several government positions, including the Secretary of Labor and the Vice Presidency. He would return to run for the presidency a third term in 1973 and served for nine months, until his death in 1974. Perón was succeeded by his third wife and Vice President of Argentina María Estela Martínez.
Perón and his second wife, Eva Duarte, are immensely popular among many Argentines. They are still considered icons by the Peronists. The Peróns' followers praised their efforts to eliminate poverty and to dignify labor, while their detractors considered them demagogues and dictators. The Peróns gave their name to the political movement known as Peronismo, which in present-day Argentina is represented mainly by the Justicialist Party.
Perón was born in Lobos, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina on October 8, 1895. He was the son of Juana Sosa Toledo and Mario Tomás Perón. Perón's maternal grandparents were Spanish Argentine immigrants and indigenous. His paternal grandparents emigrated to Argentina from France, Scotland, and the Italian island of Sardinia; in later life, Perón would publicly express his pride in his Sardinian roots.