A Blast from the Past

This is the UPI Blast from the Past advance package, June 24 through June 30, 2002.
By United Press International

Book Review: The Fall of Berlin

Antony Beevor decided that he had to write the history of the fall of Adolf Hitler's capital when he was researching his best-selling book "Stalingrad", on the
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Chief International Correspondent

Jockstrip: The World As We Know It

'STAR WARS': THE EMPIRE BOUNCES BACK? It's official: a confidential Lucasfilm marketing pitch to Hasbro dealers about part two of the new "Star Wars" trilogy, obtained by Newsweek, states in boldface type that "The last movie did not live up to expectatio
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

Scott's World -- UPI Arts & Entertainment

HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 22 (UPI) -- Has sufficient time elapsed for a major American TV network to broadcast a four-hour miniseries on the life of Adolf Hitler?
VERNON SCOTT, UPI Hollywood Reporter

Book Review: Mona Lisa Turns 500

NEW YORK, Jan. 16 (UPI) -- When Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" reaches 500 years of age next year, the Louvre in Paris will give the painting its own exhibition gallery, the only art wor

Feature: Harry Potter a socialist?

WASHINGTON, Nov. 28 (UPI) -- In the wake of the Harry Potter craze and box office successes, some of the boy wizard's critics have accused him -- or rather his creator, J.K. Rowling -- of h
Page 6 of 6
Joseph Stalin
Russian actors dressed as Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin (L) and General Secretary of the Soviet communist party Joseph Stalin pose for photographers in Moscow April 22, 2006. Today Russian communist supporters mark the 136th anniversary of the birth of Lenin.(UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

(Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი)

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as the top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin's idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics.

In 1928, Stalin replaced the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with a highly centralised command economy and Five-Year Plans, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization in the countryside. As a result, the USSR was transformed from a largely agrarian society into a great industrial power, and the basis was provided for its emergence as world's second largest economy after World War II. However, during this period of rapid economical and social changes, millions of people were sent to penal labor camps, including many political convicts, and millions were deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union. The initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector disrupted food production in the early 1930s, contributing to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, one of the last major famines in Russia. In 1937–38, a campaign against former members of the communist opposition, potential rivals in the party, and other alleged enemies of the regime culminated in the Great Purge, a period of mass repression in which hundreds of thousands of people were executed, including Red Army leaders convicted in coup d'état plots.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Joseph Stalin."
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