Documents reveal planned invasion of Japan

LONDON, Feb. 21 (UPI) -- Documents found in London's National Archives reportedly show China, North Korea and the former Soviet Union may have planned an invasion of Japan.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Sept. 12, the 255th day of 2006 with 110 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Aug. 5, the 217th day of 2005 with 148 to follow.
By United Press International

Encyclopedia lists Ataturk as dictator

ANKARA, Turkey, May 31 (UPI) -- The German version of a Microsoft encyclopedia lists Turkish Republic founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk among dictators including Adolf Hitler, a report said.

First museum honoring Stalin in 50 years

VOLGOGRAD, Russia, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- Even though he was responsible for killing millions, many Russians view Joseph Stalin in a positive light and look forward to a new museum in his honor.

Historian claims Stalin was poisoned

MOSCOW, Dec. 30 (UPI) -- A Russian historian claims the Kremlin archive holds documents proving Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was poisoned.

Ukraine: 1933 famine was genocide

KIEV, Ukraine, Nov. 25 (UPI) -- Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko wants the world to recognize the famine that killed one-quarter of the population as Soviet-sponsored genocide.

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Sept. 12, the 255h day of 2005 with 110 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Aug. 5, the 217th day of 2005 with 148 to follow.
By United Press International

Mexico: Trotsky murder weapon reappears?

MEXICO CITY, June 17 (UPI) -- The murder weapon that was buried in the forehead of Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky may have turned up after 65 years.

Russians think Stalin was a positive force

MOSCOW, March 4 (UPI) -- Joseph Stalin, head of the ex-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, is considered by 50 percent of Russians as playing a positive role in Russia's history.

Russian MPs ordered to learn anthem

MOSCOW, Dec. 24 (UPI) -- As Russia tries to sort out its patriotic symbols, members of parliament have been given a short deadline to learn the current words of the national anthem.

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Sept. 12, the 256th day of 2004 with 110 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Aug. 5, the 218th day of 2004 with 148 to follow.
By United Press International

Jockstrip: The world as we know it

About 2,000 motorcycles rolled through the 23rd annual motorcycle blessing in Hamburg, N.Y., by Father Butch.
ALEX CUKAN, United Press International
Page 4 of 6
Joseph Stalin
Russian actors dressed as Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin (L) and General Secretary of the Soviet communist party Joseph Stalin pose for photographers in Moscow April 22, 2006. Today Russian communist supporters mark the 136th anniversary of the birth of Lenin.(UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

(Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი)

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as the top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin's idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics.

In 1928, Stalin replaced the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with a highly centralised command economy and Five-Year Plans, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization in the countryside. As a result, the USSR was transformed from a largely agrarian society into a great industrial power, and the basis was provided for its emergence as world's second largest economy after World War II. However, during this period of rapid economical and social changes, millions of people were sent to penal labor camps, including many political convicts, and millions were deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union. The initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector disrupted food production in the early 1930s, contributing to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, one of the last major famines in Russia. In 1937–38, a campaign against former members of the communist opposition, potential rivals in the party, and other alleged enemies of the regime culminated in the Great Purge, a period of mass repression in which hundreds of thousands of people were executed, including Red Army leaders convicted in coup d'état plots.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Joseph Stalin."
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