Court not considering Katyn massacre cases

STRASBOURG, France, April 16 (UPI) -- The European Court of Human Rights ruled Monday it couldn't consider complaints from victims' relatives about Russia's investigation of the 1940 Katyn massacre.

Stalin's grandson's libel suit dismissed

MOSCOW, April 12 (UPI) -- A Moscow court Thursday tossed a libel lawsuit by Joseph Stalin's grandson over a general's claim Stalin was responsible for the 1940 Katyn massacre of Poles.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, March 6, 2012.
By United Press International
Gorbachev named least popular Russia leader

Gorbachev named least popular Russia leader

MOSCOW, Feb. 2 (UPI) -- Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was ranked the most unpopular Russian leader of the past century, a state-run pollster said.

Jockstrip: The world as we know it.

Indian official swears off shoelaces … Stalin death mask up for auction … Bonnie and Clyde's guns auctioned in Mo. … Hash found in Israeli prison-bound bread … The world as we know it from UPI.

Stalin death mask up for auction

LONDON, Jan. 23 (UPI) -- Bronze casts of Joseph Stalin's face and hands at the time of his death could fetch $4,600 to $7,700 at auction, a British auction house said.

Will U.S. enable Iranian Holocaust?

HERNDON, Va., Dec. 9 (UPI) -- The United States needs to take steps to stop a feared massacre of an Iranian dissident group at Camp Ashraf in Iraq.
JAMES. G. ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator
Ukraine won't budge on Stalin stance

Ukraine won't budge on Stalin stance

KIEV, Ukraine, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych says the country won't change its official "negative view" of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, who died nearly 60 years ago.
Stalin statue removed from hometown square

Stalin statue removed from hometown square

GORI, Georgia, June 25 (UPI) -- A 20-foot statue of Soviet strongman Joseph Stalin was removed Friday from the main square in his hometown in Georgia.
Medvedev: Russia, not Stalin, won war

Medvedev: Russia, not Stalin, won war

MOSCOW, May 7 (UPI) -- World War II was won by the Russian people and not by the man who led the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, President Dmitry Medvedev said Friday.
Siberian city won't house Stalin monument

Siberian city won't house Stalin monument

IRKUTSK, Russia, March 4 (UPI) -- The mayor of Irkutsk, Russia, said the East Siberian city will not house a monument dedicated to the late Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.

Stalin grandson disputes genocide verdict

KIEV, Ukraine, Jan. 18 (UPI) -- The grandson of former Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin says he wants a probe of a Ukrainian court that found the ruler guilty of genocide.
Russian leader chastises Stalin

Russian leader chastises Stalin

MOSCOW, Oct. 30 (UPI) -- Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said Friday millions of people died in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin because of terror and false accusations.
Stalin's popularity comeback in Russia

Stalin's popularity comeback in Russia

BERLIN, Oct. 20 (UPI) -- A personality cult is emerging in Russia for one of history's most feared dictators, Joseph Stalin, responsible for the deaths of millions of his own people.
STEFAN NICOLA, UPI Europe Correspondent

Stalin's grandson loses libel suit

MOSCOW, Oct. 13 (UPI) -- A court in Moscow ruled Tuesday for a newspaper sued by the grandson of Soviet strongman Joseph Stalin.
Page 2 of 6
Joseph Stalin
Russian actors dressed as Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin (L) and General Secretary of the Soviet communist party Joseph Stalin pose for photographers in Moscow April 22, 2006. Today Russian communist supporters mark the 136th anniversary of the birth of Lenin.(UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

(Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი)

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as the top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin's idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics.

In 1928, Stalin replaced the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with a highly centralised command economy and Five-Year Plans, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization in the countryside. As a result, the USSR was transformed from a largely agrarian society into a great industrial power, and the basis was provided for its emergence as world's second largest economy after World War II. However, during this period of rapid economical and social changes, millions of people were sent to penal labor camps, including many political convicts, and millions were deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union. The initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector disrupted food production in the early 1930s, contributing to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, one of the last major famines in Russia. In 1937–38, a campaign against former members of the communist opposition, potential rivals in the party, and other alleged enemies of the regime culminated in the Great Purge, a period of mass repression in which hundreds of thousands of people were executed, including Red Army leaders convicted in coup d'état plots.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Joseph Stalin."
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