Stalin statue exploded in Ukrainian city

KIEV, Ukraine, Jan. 1 (UPI) -- An explosion destroyed a statue of Josef Stalin in a Ukrainian city just before the year began, police said Saturday.

Former Ukraine PM talks about famine

KIEV, Ukraine, Nov. 27 (UPI) -- Former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko said President Viktor Yanukovych's position on the 1932-1933 famine is outrageous.

People don't connect with large tragedies

CHICAGO, Sept. 11 (UPI) -- U.S. researchers say Josef Stalin, who said a single death is a tragedy, a million deaths a statistic, had a point -- people don't connect with large tragedies.

Stalin bust at memorial draws protests

ROANOKE, Va., June 15 (UPI) -- Veterans and volunteers at a D-Day memorial in Virginia picketed the site to protest the inclusion of a bust of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, observers said.

Stalin's portraits flying on Victory Day

VLADIVOSTOK, Russia, April 29 (UPI) -- Portraits of Josef Stalin will hang in Vladivostok, Russia, on the anniversary of the Nazis' surrender to the Soviet Union in World War II, officials said.

Mass grave halts road-building project

VLADIVOSTOK, Russia, April 12 (UPI) -- Discovery of a mass grave possibly dating to Stalin-era purges has interrupted construction of a road near Vladivostok, Russia, a contractor says.
Poles, Russians mark massacre anniversary

Poles, Russians mark massacre anniversary

KATYN, Russia, April 7 (UPI) -- The prime ministers of Russia and Poland set a precedent Wednesday by each attending a ceremony marking the 70th anniversary of the Katyn massacre of Poles.

Kazakh woman may be oldest person by years

PRISHAKHTINSK, Kazakhstan, March 27 (UPI) -- A Kazakh woman who has identification giving her birth year as 1879 may be the oldest person alive -- years older than her closest contenders.

Stalin's ghost shapes 21st century crises in Europe

WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 (UPI) -- Josef Stalin has been dead 55 years, but suddenly he's shaping the 21st century a lot more than Mahatma Gandhi, Bill Gates or Al Gore.

Stalin, last czar nearly tied in fame poll

MOSCOW, July 15 (UPI) -- Josef Stalin and Czar Nicholas II are running neck-and-neck in an online Russian poll to determine the country's most significant historical figure.

Russia at war -- Part 2

MOSCOW, May 19 (UPI) -- The ratio of the scale of battles fought against Nazi Germany by the Soviet Union and the Western Allies of Britain and the United States in World War II remained the same after the Allied landing in Normandy in the summer of 1944.
ILYA KRAMNIK, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, May 6, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, March 9, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, March 5, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Feb. 28, 2008.
By United Press International
Page 3 of 10
Josef Stalin
Andrei Gromyko's fluent English and in-deth knowledge of the United States led dictator Josef Stalin to name him ambassador to Washington in 1943 at the unheard age of 34. here, in 1945, Gromyko is seen on hand on the right as President Harry S. Truman (C, with glasses) visits Stalin (L) at the latter's temproary residence for the Potsdam (near Berlin), Germany, Conference held from July 17 till August 2, 1945 to decide about the fate of defeated Germany. (UPI Photo/Files)

(Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი)

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin's idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics.

In 1928, Stalin replaced the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with a highly centralised command economy and Five-Year Plans, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization in the countryside. As a result, the USSR was transformed from a largely agrarian society into a great industrial power, and the basis was provided for its emergence as world's second largest economy after World War II. However, during this period of rapid economical and social changes, millions of people were sent to penal labor camps, including many political convicts, and millions were deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union. The initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector disrupted food production in the early 1930s, contributing to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, one of the last major famines in Russia. In 1937–38, a campaign against former members of the communist opposition, potential rivals in the party, and other alleged enemies of the regime culminated in the Great Purge, a period of mass repression in which hundreds of thousands of people were executed, including Red Army leaders convicted in coup d'état plots.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Josef Stalin."
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