Jonathan Roberts (August 16, 1771 - July 24, 1854) was a United States Representative and Senator from Pennsylvania from 1811 to 1814 and 1814 to 1821 respectively.
Roberts was born near Norristown, Pennsylvania and was educated by a private tutor. He later worked as a wheelwright apprentice. From 1799 to 1800 Roberts served as a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, and the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1807 to 1811.
On March 4, 1811, he began his tenure as a United States Representative from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district, having been elected as a Democratic-Republican. Working through the 12th and 13th United States Congresses he resigned on February 24, 1814, having been elected to the United States Senate to replace Michael Leib, who himself had resigned. He started his service in the Senate on the same day.