The Almanac

Today is Thursday, July 8, the 190th day of 2004 with 176 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Sept. 24, the 267th day of 2003 with 98 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, July 8, the 189th day of 2003 with 176 to follow.
By United Press International

Living Today: Issues of modern living

If a goal of terrorism is to make victims feel less in control of their own destinies, the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, succeeded, according to research from Saint Louis University.
ALEX CUKAN, United Press International

Washington Agenda-Federal

By United Press International

Analysis: Same-sex case pits precedents

WASHINGTON, March 25 (UPI) -- Even as the fighting goes on in Iraq, America's culture war continues, and as usual the battlefield for that war is the Supreme Court of the United States.
MICHAEL KIRKLAND, UPI Legal Affairs Correspondent

In Sports from United Press International

A roundup of top sports stories

Lions make Lewis offensive coordinator

ALLEN PARK, Mich., Jan. 13 (UPI) -- The Detroit Lions on Monday promoted 20-year coach Sherman Lewis to offensive coordinator.

On Law: Civil liberty in an age of terror

WASHINGTON, Dec. 6 (UPI) -- To say that the Bush administration has engaged in a massive deprivation of civil liberties in the name of national security is a gross exaggeration.
MICHAEL KIRKLAND, UPI Legal Affairs Correspondent

Cathy's World: Know-it-alls

LOS ANGELES, Nov. 13 (UPI) -- It's a sign of just how far the envelope is being pushed these days that, though full frontal nudity has not yet (quite) appeared on broadcast TV, full dorsal n

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Sept. 24, the 267th day of 2002 with 98 to follow.
By United Press International

Urban News

Stories from and about big cities.
DENNIS DAILY, United Press International

A Blast from the Past

Today is July 8.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, July 8, the 189th day of 2002 with 176 to follow.
By United Press International

Today in Music: a look back at pop music

Today is July 8.
By United Press International
Page 3 of 4
John Marshall
The U.S. Mint launched the Chief Justice John Marshall Silver Dollar at the Supreme Court on May 4, 2005, in Washington. (UPI Photo/Roger L. Wollenberg)

John Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835) was an American jurist and statesman whose court opinions helped lay the basis for American constitutional law while enhancing the role of the Supreme Court as a center of power. Marshall was the fourth Chief Justice of the United States, serving from 1801 until his death in 1835. He had served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800, and was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801. Marshall was from the Commonwealth of Virginia and was a leader of the Federalist Party.

The longest-serving Chief Justice of the United States, Marshall dominated the Court for over three decades (a term outliving his own Federalist Party) and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system. Most notably, he reinforced the principle that federal courts are obligated to exercise judicial review, by disregarding purported laws if they violate the Constitution. Thus, Marshall cemented the position of the American judiciary as an independent and influential branch of government. Furthermore, the Marshall Court made several important decisions relating to federalism, affecting the balance of power between the federal government and the states during the early years of the republic. In particular, he repeatedly confirmed the supremacy of federal law over state law, and supported an expansive reading of the enumerated powers.

John Marshall was born in a log cabin close to Germantown, a rural community on the Virginia frontier, in what is now Fauquier County near Midland, Virginia, on September 24, 1755, to Thomas Marshall and Mary Randolph Keith, the daughter of Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe. The oldest of fifteen, John had eight sisters and six brothers. Also, several cousins were raised with the family. He was also relative of Thomas Jefferson, both of them being descendants of Virginia colonist William Randolph, though Marshall and Jefferson would oppose each other on many political issues. From a young age, he was noted for his good humor and black eyes, which were "strong and penetrating, beaming with intelligence and good nature".

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "John Marshall."
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