The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 11, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Aug. 11, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 11, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Aug. 11, the 223rd day of 2006 with 142 to follow.
By United Press International

Sudan peace holds but fear continues

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Jan. 9 (UPI) -- The people of Sudan, faced with the Darfur conflict, feel little to cheer about in their 1-year-old peace deal that ended their north-south civil war.

U.N. warned of increased Darfur violence

DARFUR, Sudan, Sept. 22 (UPI) -- The top U.N. envoy to Sudan has warned that violence is on the rise in Darfur and urged countries to make good on pledges of aid and troops.

Garang's widow to continue mission

JUBA, Sudan, Aug. 30 (UPI) -- The widow of Sudan Vice President John Garang has vowed to continue his mission to bring peace to the civil war-torn African nation.

UN to assist in Garang probe

, Aug. 22 (UPI) -- UN to assist probe in death of Gurang

Banned Ugandan radio back on air

KAMPALA, Uganda, Aug. 19 (UPI) -- A ban has been lifted on a Ugandan radio station that aired a heated phone-in about the death of Sudan's Vice President John Garang.

New VP enters evolving Sudan government

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Aug. 14 (UPI) -- The newly sworn in first vice president of Sudan faces a difficult task of uniting his party and working with historical enemies in the new government.

Uganda radio station shut for debate show

KAMPALA, Uganda, Aug. 13 (UPI) -- A Ugandan radio station has had its license suspended after airing a debate it was ordered not to broadcast.

Keer sworn in as Sudan vice president

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Aug. 11 (UPI) -- Salva Keer was sworn in Thursday as Sudan's vice president, succeeding rebel leader John Garang who died in a plane crash last month.

U.N. to help investigate Garang's death

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Aug. 10 (UPI) -- The United Nations says it is ready to help investigate the death of Sudanese Vice President John Garang in a plane crash last month.

Paper: Arab summit uncertain

ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, Aug. 9 (UPI) -- The United Arab Emirates' al-Khaleej daily said there was an Arab rift on whether to hold an emergency Arab summit.

Sudanese vice-president vows peace

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Aug. 7 (UPI) -- Southern Sudanese leader Salva Kiir will become the country's vice-president this week, succeeding John Garang, who died in a helicopter crash Aug. 1.
Page 1 of 5
John Garang
U.S. President George W. Bush shakes hands with Rebecca Garang Damabior, Minister of Transportation, Roads, and Bridges of the Government of Southern Sudan, prior to their meeting in the Oval Office of the White House on February 10, 2006. Damabior's husband, the late South Sudan Vice President Dr. John Garang, died in a helicopter crash in July, 2005, causing riots and upheaval over the summer. (UPI Photo/Roger L. Wollenberg)

Dr John Garang de Mabior (June 23, 1945 – July 30, 2005) was the First Vice President of Sudan and former leader of the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army.

A member of the Dinka ethnic group, Garang was born into a poor family in Wanglei village in Bor, Sudan, in the upper Nile region of Sudan (currently Jonglei State). An orphan by the age of ten, he had his fees for school paid by a relative, going to schools in Wau and then Rumbek. In 1962 he joined the first Sudanese civil war, but because he was so young, the leaders encouraged him and others his age to seek an education. Because of the ongoing fighting, Garang was forced to attend his secondary education in Tanzania. After winning a scholarship, he went on to earn a B.A. in economics in 1969 from Grinnell College in Iowa, USA. He was known there for his bookishness. He was offered another scholarship to pursue graduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley, but chose to return to Tanzania and study East African agricultural economics as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow at the University of Dar es Salaam. As a member of the University Students' African Revolutionary Front, a student group at the university, he made the acquaintance of Yoweri Museveni, who would go on to become president of Uganda and a close ally. However, Garang soon decided to return to Sudan and join the rebels.

The civil war ended with the Addis Ababa agreement of 1972 and Garang, like many rebels, was absorbed into the Sudanese military. For eleven years, he was a career soldier and rose from the rank of captain to colonel after taking the Infantry Officers Advanced Course at Fort Benning, Georgia. During this period he took four years academic leave and received a master's degree in agricultural economics and a Ph.D. in economics at Iowa State University, after writing a thesis on the agricultural development of Southern Sudan. By 1983, Col. Garang was the head of the Staff College in Omdurman.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "John Garang."
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