John Grosvenor Rowland (born May 24, 1957, Waterbury, Connecticut) was the Governor of Connecticut from 1995 to 2004; he is a member of the Republican Party. He is married to Patty Rowland, his second wife, and the couple have five children between them. In 2004, Rowland resigned from office during a corruption investigation, and later pleaded guilty in federal court to a one-count indictment for conspiracy to commit "honest services mail fraud" and tax fraud. He was the first Connecticut governor to be elected to three terms since 1784.
He served ten months in a federal prison until February 10, 2006, followed by four months house arrest at his home in West Hartford, Connecticut until June, 2006. His lieutenant governor was M. Jodi Rell, now the governor of Connecticut.
Rowland's political career began in 1980 when, at age 23, he was elected to the Connecticut State House of Representatives. He held his seat until 1984, when he was elected to represent Connecticut's 5th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives and was reelected in 1986 and 1988.