The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, March 17, 2014.
By United Press International

Wiesenthal Center launches new effort to try Nazi war criminals

JERUSALEM, July 23 (UPI) -- The Simon Wiesenthal Center launched a new effort Tuesday to bring Nazi war criminals to justice in Germany, calling it Operation Last Chance II.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, May 12, 2013.
By United Press International

Germany investigating Auschwitz guards

LUDWIGSBURG, Germany, April 7 (UPI) -- German authorities say they are seeking 50 former guards of the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp where more than 1 million Jews died during World War II.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, March 17, 2013
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, July 29, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, May 12, 2012.
By United Press International

Nazi war criminal said to be buried in US

KIEV, Ukraine, April 5 (UPI) -- Convicted Nazi war criminal John Demjanjuk has been buried in an undisclosed location in the United States, a Ukrainian official said.

John 'Ivan' Demjanjuk dead at 91

BERLIN, March 17 (UPI) -- John Demjanjuk, who spent decades fighting allegations over his role in the Holocaust, died in Germany at the age 91, German police said Saturday.

Lawyer: Prosecute aging war criminals

TEL AVIV, Israel, Feb. 13 (UPI) -- A lawyer who represented families of victims of Nazi war criminal John Demjanjuk said he wants 28 other alleged low-level war criminals prosecuted.

Lawyers seek U.S. hearing for Demjanjuk

CLEVELAND, Oct. 19 (UPI) -- Attorneys for John Demjanjuk, convicted in Germany of being a World War II Nazi war criminal, say they want to bring him back to the United States.

Nazi hunters look at cases with fresh eye

BERLIN, Oct. 6 (UPI) -- Nazi hunters in Germany say they're scouring cold case files for former death camp guards after the conviction of John Demjanjuk.

German Nazi trial ends with guilty verdict

MUNICH, Germany, May 12 (UPI) -- A Munich court has sentenced John Demjanjuk to five years in prison for helping to murder Jews at a Nazi death camp during World War II, the end of what could enter history as the last Nazi trial in Germany.

Demjanjuk sentenced for role in Nazi camp

MUNICH, Germany, May 12 (UPI) -- A German court Thursday sentenced John Demjanjuk, 91, to five years in prison for his role in killing 28,060 Jews at a Nazi camp in Poland during World War II.

6-year term sought for Demjanjuk

MUNICH, Germany, March 23 (UPI) -- German prosecutors are seeking a six-year prison term for 90-year-old accused Nazi war criminal John Demjanjuk.
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John Demjanjuk (born Ivan Mykolaiovych Demianiuk; Ukrainian: Іван Миколайович Дем'янюк; April 3, 1920) is a retired auto worker and former United States citizen, who gained notoriety after being accused numerous times of Holocaust-related war crimes. On 12 May 2011, Demjanjuk, then 91, was convicted by a German court of complicity in the murder of over 28,000 Jews whilst serving at Sobibor, and was sentenced to 5 years in jail. However, the court ordered him released pending appeal. He is now living free, in a German nursing home.

Born in the Ukrainian SSR during the Polish–Soviet War (when territories in Ukraine quickly changed hands), Demjanjuk migrated to the United States in 1952. He was deported to Israel in 1986 and later sentenced to death there in 1988 for war crimes, based on his identification by Israeli Holocaust survivors as "Ivan the Terrible", a notorious prisoner/guard (KAPO) at the Treblinka and Sobibor extermination camps during the period 1942–1943 who committed murder and acts of extraordinarily savage violence against camp prisoners. In a case of mistaken identity, his conviction for crimes against humanity was later overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court in 1993 due to a finding of reasonable doubt based on evidence suggesting that Demjanjuk was not "Ivan the Terrible" and had, in fact, been a guard at camps besides the one at Treblinka. After the trial, he was returned to Cleveland, Ohio. He eventually moved to nearby Seven Hills, Ohio.

Demjanjuk was put on trial again in 2001 on charges that he had served as a guard at the Sobibór and Majdanek camps in occupied Poland and at the Flossenbürg camp in Germany. His deportation was again ordered in 2005, but he remained in the United States after exhausting his appeals in 2008 as no country initially agreed to accept him. On April 2, 2009, it was announced that Demjanjuk would be deported to Germany and would face trial there on charges of accessory to 29,000 counts of murder. On April 3, 2009, a judge ordered that Demjanjuk be given a temporary stay, pending a judicial decision on his newly filed (April 2) motion to reopen his deportation order, on the ground that deporting him would amount to torture under the applicable international convention. The stay was overturned on April 6.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "John Demjanjuk."
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