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NOBEL PEACE LAUREATES ATTEND PEACEJAM
Nobel Peace prize Laureate Betty Williams of Ireland (R) kisses the hand of the Dalai Lama of Tibet (C) who holds the hand of Laureate Rigoberta Menchu Tum of Guatemala ((L) prior to a group photo at the tenth anniversary of PeaceJam at the University of Denver September 15, 2006 in Denver. Laureates Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa (lower left) and Jody Williams of the USA (lower right) The event will host ten Nobel Peace Prize Laureates in the largest gathering of Laureates outside of Oslo, Norway. (UPI Photo/Gary C. Caskey)
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Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950 in Brattleboro, Vermont, USA) is an American teacher and aid worker who received the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the campaign she worked for, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL). Williams first trained as a teacher of English as a Second Language (ESL), receiving a BA from the University of Vermont in 1972 and a Master's degree in teaching Spanish and ESL from the School for International Training (also in Vermont) in 1974. In 1984 she received a second M.A. in International Relations from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. She taught ESL in Mexico, the United Kingdom, and finally Washington, D.C. before her first appointment in aid work, becoming a grocery worker of the "Nicaragua-Honduras Education Project" from 1984 to 1986. She then became deputy director of a Los Angeles-based charity, "Medical Aid for El Salvador", a position which she held until 1992 when she took up her position with the newly formed ICBL.

The organization ultimately achieved its goal in 1997 when an international treaty (Ottawa Treaty) banning antipersonnel landmines was signed in Ottawa in 1997 (though some nations, notably the United States, People's Republic of China (PRC), and Russia refrained).

One broader aspect of Williams' work was her pioneering use of People Power: massively distributed collaboration in trans-national political action, initially via fax and eventually via email—Williams' own explanation,

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jody Williams."
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