Analysis: JFK's immigration legacy

SACRAMENTO, Dec. 4 (UPI) -- In 1969, former JFK speechwriter Ted Sorenson penned The Kennedy Legacy, a tribute to John and Robert Kennedy. Sorenson was undoubtedly correct that the Kennedy

Wave 'em Jesse

SPRINGDALE, Wash., Dec. 3 (UPI) -- ***** See editorial notes in box below
DAVID M. WALLACE, Special to United Press International

Washington Agenda - General News Events

For content questions, call 202-898-8291
By United Press International

Film of the week: Behind Enemy Lines

LOS ANGELES, Nov. 29 (UPI) -- "Behind Enemy Lines" is a military action movie tenuously inspired by Air Force pilot Scott O'Grady, who was shot down over Bosnia in June 1995.
STEVE SAILER, UPI National Correspondent

Feature:NYC watchful for Halloween

NEW YORK, Oct. 31 (UPI) -- Security throughout New York will be as tight as Medusa's curls for Halloween festivities Wednesday, but for parents and children around the city, activities wi

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Oct. 30, the 303rd day of 2001 with 62 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Oct. 30.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

Rock News: Music's high and low notes

PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Oct. 29.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Oct. 8, the 281st day of 2001 with 84 to follow.
By United Press International

Jackson decides against Afghanistan trip

LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla., Sept. 28 (UPI) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson said Friday at Lake Buena Vista, Fla., he has no current plans to accept an invitation from Afghanistan's Taliban leadership to visit tha

Jesse Jackson not inclined not to go

LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla., Sept. 28 (UPI) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson said Friday he does not plan immediately to go to Afghanistan to talk with the Taliban. "At this point we're inclined not to go but we'll

UPI's Capital Comment for Sept. 27, 2001

WASHINGTON, Sept. 27 (UPI) -- United Press International's Capital Comment for Sept. 27, 2001.
By United Press International
Page 26 of 26
Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson listens to speakers during the NAACP's centennial convention held on July 15, 2009 in New York City. The NAACP has been holding a week-long gathering which features numerous speakers and workshops. (UPI Photo/Monika Graff)

Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. (born October 8, 1941) is an African-American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and served as shadow senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997. He was the founder of both entities that merged to form Rainbow/PUSH. Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr. is his eldest son. In an AP-AOL "Black Voices" poll in February 2006, Jackson was voted "the most important black leader".

Jackson was born Jesse Louis Burns in Greenville, South Carolina, to Helen Burns Straggs, a 16-year-old single mother. His biological father, Noah Louis Robinson, a former professional boxer and a prominent figure in the community, was married to another woman when Jesse was born. He was not involved in his son's life, and died January 28, 1997 in Greenville, S.C. In 1943, two years after Jesse's birth, his mother married Charles Henry Jackson, who would adopt Jesse 14 years later. Jesse went on to take the surname of his stepfather.

Jackson attended Sterling High School, a segregated high school in Greenville, where he was a student-athlete. Upon graduating in 1959, he rejected a contract from a professional baseball team so that he could attend the racially integrated University of Illinois on a football scholarship. One year later, Jackson transferred to North Carolina A&T located in Greensboro, North Carolina. There are differing accounts for the reasons behind this transfer. Jackson claims that the change was based on the school's racial biases which included his being unable to play as a quarterback despite being a star quarterback at his high school. ESPN.com suggests that claims of racial discrimination on the football team may be exaggerated because Illinois's starting quarterback that year was an African American, although it does not mention factors besides the quarterback's race which may have contributed to this perception (such as team dynamics or interpersonal interactions with other players on the team). Jackson also mentions being demoted by his speech professor as an alternate in a public-speaking competition team despite the support of his teammates who elected him a place on the team for his superior abilities. Jackson left Illinois at the end of his second semester after being placed on academic probation.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jesse Jackson."
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