Jan Fischer (Czech pronunciation: ; born 2 January 1951) is the Prime Minister of the caretaker government of Czech Republic since 8 May 2009. A lifelong statistician, he was previously the president of the Czech Statistical Office since April 2003.
Jan Fischer was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia. His father, a researcher at the Institute of Mathematics of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences specializing in mathematical and statistical applications in genetics, selective growing and medicine, was a Jewish Holocaust survivor. His mother was also a statistician.
Fischer graduated from the University of Economics, Prague in 1974 in statistics and econometrics. He completed postgraduate studies there in 1985, earning his Candidate of Sciences degree in economic statistics. He was a member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from 1980 till the collapse of the Communist regime in 1989.