James David Wolfensohn KBE, AO (born 1 December 1933) was the ninth president of the World Bank Group.
Wolfensohn was born in Sydney, Australia on 5 December 1933, to Jewish parents who had immigrated from England during the Great Depression. He was educated at Sydney Boys High School, studied arts and law at the University of Sydney, and in 1959 earned a master of business administration degree at Harvard Business School. He was a member of the Australian fencing team at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and an officer in the Royal Australian Air Force.
Before attending Harvard, Wolfensohn was a lawyer in the Australian law firm of Allen, Allen & Hemsley in Sydney (now Allens Arthur Robinson).