Colonel James L. Pohl is an American lawyer and an officer in the United States Army.
He is notable for having been appointed the President of a Guantanamo military commission. He is Presiding over the Commission of Ahmed Darbi and Abd el-Rahim al-Nashiri. He is notable for serving as the judge of several of the GIs in the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse cases, and barring the demolition of Abu Ghraib because he had ruled it a crime scene.
On 6 January 2009 Pohl was appointed to replace Ralph Kohlmann as the Chief Presiding Officer for the Military Commissions.