The Almanac

Today is Monday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2003 with 65 to follow.
By United Press International

Scientists find new bypass method

SYDNEY, Sept. 18 (UPI) -- Researchers say a new way of stopping the heart during bypass operations could reduce damage and improve chances of a full recovery.

Art inspired by natural history

NEW YORK, April 1 (UPI) -- A thousand years of art devoted to natural history is on display at the Morgan Library, documenting artists' fascination with animals, birds, insects and flower

Washington Agenda-General

By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

As the extensive manhunt continued for Osama bin Laden, the U.S. government on this date in 2001 released a tape of the suspected mastermind of the Sept.11 terrorist attacks in which he spoke of the assaults and voiced pleasure and surprise that so many o
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A Blast from the Past

, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- The weekly UPI Blast from the Past package for Dec. 9-15

Rabbit-Proof Fence: The Aborigines' plight

WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 (UPI) -- Don't let the title of "Rabbit-Proof Fence" fool you. This is not a film about animal husbandry but rather an impartial, almost-documental feature film dealing

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2002 with 65 to follow.
By United Press International

Hollywood Digest

What's happening in Hollywood.
PAT NASON, UPI Hollywood Reporter

Thinking about life: Human sacrifice

Human sacrifice is unlike other kinds of sacrifice. For example it is not the same thing as self-sacrifice, even though some victims might have been volunteers.

A Blast From The Past

Today is Dec. 13.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Dec. 10.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2001 with 65 to follow.
By United Press International
Page 5 of 5

Captain James Cook FRS RN (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer, ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands as well as the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in 1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War, and subsequently surveyed and mapped much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec. This helped bring Cook to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This notice came at a crucial moment both in his personal career and in the direction of British overseas exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three Pacific voyages.

Cook charted many areas and recorded several islands and coastlines on European maps for the first time. His achievements can be attributed to a combination of seamanship, superior surveying and cartographic skills, courage in exploring dangerous locations to confirm the facts (for example dipping into the Antarctic Circle repeatedly and exploring around the Great Barrier Reef), an ability to lead men in adverse conditions, and boldness both with regard to the extent of his explorations and his willingness to exceed the instructions given to him by the Admiralty.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "James Cook."
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