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Dams threaten Africa's Lake Victoria

KAMPALA, Uganda, Jan. 31 (UPI) -- A study suggested two hydroelectric dams threaten the health of Africa's Lake Victoria and of the people living along its 2,100-mile shoreline.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 27, 2007.
By United Press International

In vitro model created for arthritis study

COLUMBIA, Mo., Oct. 22 (UPI) -- U.S. scientists have created an in vitro model for arthritis studies that they said should minimize the use of mice or other laboratory animals.

Philanthropy follows Neb. accidental death

OMAHA, July 18 (UPI) -- The family of a 6-year-old Nebraska boy who suffocated when trapped in an old microwave has received an outpouring of support from people wanting to help.

Shuttle rollout marred by typo

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla., July 13 (UPI) -- When NASA rolled out the Endeavour to the launch pad this week in Florida, a sign encouraging the next mission misspelled the space shuttle's name.

Study finds fish punish 'queue jumpers'

TOWNSVILLE, Australia, June 27 (UPI) -- Australian scientists have discovered fish use the threat of punishment to maintain stability in their social order.

Diminutive, deadly jellyfish nix filming

TOWNSVILLE, Australia, March 29 (UPI) -- A jellyfish no bigger than a thumbnail but packing a poisonous punch ground to a halt the filming of a Hollywood movie on Australia's touristy Fraser Island.

Book argues Portuguese mapped Australia

SYDNEY, March 20 (UPI) -- A historian argues that Portuguese navigators sailed along Australia's east coast in the early 16th century and charted it.

Mass extinction also changed ocean ecology

CHICAGO, Dec. 7 (UPI) -- A U.S.-led study suggests the Earth's biggest mass extinction about 250 million years ago changed the ecology of the oceans. Researchers say the event wiped out an estimated 95 percent of marine species and 70 percent of land species.

Study: Coral reefs increasingly vulnerable

SANTA BARBARA, Calif., Dec. 7 (UPI) -- U.S. marine scientists say size and shape may predict the survival of corals around the world during the coming years of increased ocean turbulence.

Great Barrier Reef sharks in collapse

TOWNSVILLE, Australia, Dec. 5 (UPI) -- Australian scientists say coral reef shark populations on the Great Barrier Reef are in a catastrophic collapse.

Study: Dingoes may be good for prey

TOWNSVILLE, Australia, Nov. 3 (UPI) -- Researchers said the re-introduction of the dingo -- Australia's leading natural predator -- could improve the survival rate of species it often attacks.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Friday, Oct. 27, 2006.
By United Press International

Cook's scurvy grass colony found

WELLINGTON, New Zealand, Oct. 18 (UPI) -- New Zealand botanists have found Cook's scurvy grass, a species that has come close to extinction, growing lavishly on a small offshore island.

Jockstrip: The world as we know it

Touching outlawed at Tampa bikini clubs ... Tonga's fishing pigs attract tourists ... PETA slams cockroach eating contest ... Quick checkup for panda cub -- It's a girl ... The world as we know it from UPI.
By United Press International
Page 3 of 5
Wiki

Captain James Cook FRS RN (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer, ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands as well as the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in 1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War, and subsequently surveyed and mapped much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec. This helped bring Cook to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This notice came at a crucial moment both in his personal career and in the direction of British overseas exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three Pacific voyages.

Cook charted many areas and recorded several islands and coastlines on European maps for the first time. His achievements can be attributed to a combination of seamanship, superior surveying and cartographic skills, courage in exploring dangerous locations to confirm the facts (for example dipping into the Antarctic Circle repeatedly and exploring around the Great Barrier Reef), an ability to lead men in adverse conditions, and boldness both with regard to the extent of his explorations and his willingness to exceed the instructions given to him by the Admiralty.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "James Cook."
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