James Jay Carafano (born May 8, 1955 in New York, New York and raised in East Meadow, New York) is a prominent American scholar on national security and international studies at the Heritage Foundation in Washington, DC. He is the author of numerous books and papers on national defense, homeland security and immigration, especially as it relates to the national security of the United States.
Carafano has received several degrees in defense related fields. He holds a B.S. in national security and public affairs from the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, a M.A. in British and early modern European history from Georgetown University in Washington D.C., a M.A. in strategic studies from the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and a Ph.D. in diplomatic history, also from Georgetown University.
Carafano served 25 years in the Army, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. During that time he served as head speech writer for the Army Chief of Staff and was the executive director of Joint Force Quarterly, the Defense Department's military journal.