The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, March 12, 2014.
By United Press International

Amiri Baraka, poet and activist, dies

NEWARK, N.J., Jan. 9 (UPI) -- Amiri Baraka, the controversial New Jersey poet turned political activist, died Thursday, Newark officials said. He was 79.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, March 12, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, March 12, 2012.
By United Press International
Stewart to co-star in Kerouac picture

Stewart to co-star in Kerouac picture

LOS ANGELES, May 7 (UPI) -- U.S. actress Kristen Stewart has joined the cast of Walter Salles's film version of Jack Kerouac's 1957 novel "On the Road."

Ginsberg exhibit opens at National Gallery

WASHINGTON, May 5 (UPI) -- An exhibition featuring 79 black-and-white portraits by the late U.S. poet Allen Ginsberg has opened at Washington's National Gallery of Art.

It's a new LA city landmark, man

LOS ANGELES, March 20 (UPI) -- The Los Angeles City Council has named a Venice hangout for the Beat Generation as a new city landmark, officials say.
Eisenberg, Evans cast as Beat writers

Eisenberg, Evans cast as Beat writers

NEW YORK, March 17 (UPI) -- Jesse Eisenberg, Chris Evans and Ben Whishaw have been cast in "Kill Your Darlings," representatives for the film about the U.S. Beat era said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, March 12, 2008.
By United Press International

New Kerouac-Burroughs book due out

NEW YORK, March 2 (UPI) -- A previously unreleased novel written by noted U.S. Beat Generation authors Jack Kerouac and William S. Burroughs is set to be published.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Monday, March 12, 2007.
By United Press International

Likely Sputnik remains crash Beatnik scene

SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 18 (UPI) -- A San Francisco museum dedicated to honoring the Beat Generation has an unusual new exhibit -- the purported remains of Russia's Sputnik I satellite.

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, March 12, the 71st day of 2006 with 294 to follow.
By United Press International

Jack Kerouac play grabs today's publishers

NEW YORK, May 20 (UPI) -- A play by the late author Jack Kerouac has caught publishers' attention nearly 50 years after "Beat Generation" was shelved in New Jersey.

Poet Robert Creeley dead at 78

ODESSA, Texas, April 1 (UPI) -- Poet Robert White Creeley has died of pneumonia at an Odessa, Texas, hospital. He was 78.
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Jean-Louis "Jack" Kerouac (pronounced /ˈkɛruːæk, ˈkɛrəwæk/; March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist and poet. Alongside William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg, he is considered a pioneer of the Beat Generation, and a literary iconoclast. Kerouac is held as an important writer both for his spontaneous style and for his content which consistently dealt with such topics as jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel. His writings have inspired several prominent writers, including Hunter S. Thompson, Tom Robbins, Thomas Pynchon, Lester Bangs, Will Clarke, Richard Brautigan, Ken Kesey, Haruki Murakami, Tom Waits, Bob Dylan, and writers of the New Journalism. His works were sometimes shunned as "slapdash", "grossly sentimental", and "immoral". Kerouac did manage to acquire underground celebrity status and was, for a time, labeled as a progenitor of the Hippie movement. Disenchanted with mainstream America and never having gotten over the death of his older brother when he was four years old, Kerouac lost his struggle with alcoholism and died aged 47 in 1969. Since his death, and thanks in large part to the efforts of editor Ann Charters, Kerouac's literary prestige has steadily grown over the years, with several previously unpublished works surfacing, and all of his books being in print today, among them: On the Road, The Dharma Bums, Mexico City Blues, The Subterraneans, Desolation Angels, Visions of Cody and Big Sur.

Jack Kerouac was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, to French-Canadian parents, Léo-Alcide Kéroack and Gabrielle-Ange Lévesque, natives of the province of Quebec, Canada. There is some confusion surrounding his original name partly due to variations on the spelling of Kerouac, and partly because of Kerouac's own promotion of his name as Jean-Louis Lebris de Kerouac. His reason for doing so seems to be linked to an old family legend that the Kerouacs had descended from Baron Francois Louis Alexandre Lebris de Kerouac. Kerouac's baptism certificate lists his name simply as Jean Louis Kirouac. Kerouac often gave conflicting stories about his family history and the origins of his surname. He sometimes claimed he was descended from a Breton nobleman, granted land after the Battle of Quebec, whose sons all married Native Americans. Research has shown that Kerouac's roots were indeed in Brittany, and he was descended from a middle-class merchant colonist, François-Urbain Le Bihan, Sieur de Kervoac, whose sons married French Canadians.. Kerouac's own father had been born to a family of potato farmers in the village of Saint-Hubert-de-Rivière-du-Loup. He also had various stories on the etymology of his surname, usually tracing it back to Irish, Breton, or other Celtic roots. In one interview he claimed it was the name of a dead Celtic language and in another said it was from the Irish for "language of the water" and related to Kerwick. Kerouac, derived from Kervoach, is the name of one hamlet situated in Brittany in Lanmeur, near Morlaix. Deleuze and Guattari cited Kerouac as a literary example of an oscillation from revolutionary left-wing expressions to fascist expressions; they said he "took a revolutionary 'flight'" with his on the road journeys, but later finds himself in the "old fascist dream" of searching for "his Breton ancestors of the superior race".

Despite the future elaborations, around the house during his childhood, Kerouac was referred to as Ti Jean or little John. Kerouac spoke the French-Canadian dialect called Joual until he learned English at the age of six. He was a serious child who was devoted to his mother who played an important, perhaps unhealthy, role in his life. She was deeply religious, instilling this into her younger son; this can be seen throughout his works. Kerouac would later go on to say that his mother was the only woman he ever loved. When he was four, he was profoundly affected by the death of his nine-year-old brother, Gérard, from rheumatic fever, an event later described in his novel Visions of Gerard. Some of Kerouac's poetry was written in French, and in letters written to friend Allen Ginsberg towards the end of his life, he expressed his desire to speak his parents' native tongue again. Recently, it was discovered that Kerouac first started writing On the Road in French, a language in which he also wrote two unpublished novels. The writings are in dialectal Quebec French.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jack Kerouac."
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