Cole deployed for first time since bombing

NORFOLK, Va., June 8 (UPI) -- The USS Cole left Virginia Thursday for the first time since a bomb ripped a hole in its side and killed 17 sailors, the U.S. Navy said.

The Almanac

Today is Friday, March 17, the 76th day of 2006 with 289 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Feb. 23, the 54th day of 2006 with 311 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Feb. 19, the 50th day of 2006 with 315 to follow.
By United Press International

Eastwood to show both sides in WWII battle

LOS ANGELES, Oct. 16 (UPI) -- Actor/director Clint Eastwood is working on two films that will tell the story of the World War II battle of Iwo Jima from both sides. "Flags of Our Fathers," telling the U.S. perspective of the battle, and the tentatively titled "Lamps Before the Wind,"

Bush inspects Katrina recovery efforts

GULFPORT, Miss., Sept. 20 (UPI) -- U.S. President George Bush flew to Gulfport, Miss., Tuesday for an update on progress in the coastal recovery from Hurricane Katrina.

New Orleans draining faster than expected

NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 12 (UPI) -- Engineers manning pumps in hurricane-ravaged New Orleans report the floodwaters are receding faster than they anticipated.

Katrina recovery chief wants unity

NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 11 (UPI) -- The new U.S. chief of Hurricane Katrina recovery efforts, Coast Guard Vice Adm. Thad Allen, has called for unity among local, state and federal officials.

Massive morgues opened for Katrina dead

NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Two massive warehouses in Louisiana and Mississippi have been established as the collection of Hurricane Katrina's dead goes into high gear.

Eastwood assembling cast for WWII epic

LOS ANGELES, July 29 (UPI) -- Actor Paul Walker will help re-enact the emotional Iwo Jima U.S. flag raising in Clint Eastwood's World War II epic "Flags of Our Fathers."

Clint Eastwood casts Iwo Jima movie

LOS ANGELES, July 7 (UPI) -- Clint Eastwood has selected Ryan Phillippe, Jesse Bradford and Adam Beach to star in his next project, about the raising of the flag on Iwo Jima.

Mint issues coin honoring Marine Corps

WASHINGTON, May 26 (UPI) -- The U.S. Mint has unveiled a new silver dollar honoring the Marine Corps' 230th anniversary.

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, March 17, the 76th day of 2005 with 289 to follow. This is St. Patrick's Day.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Feb. 23, the 54th day of 2005 with 311 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Feb. 19, the 50th day of 2005 with 315 to follow.
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Page 5 of 9
Iwo Jima
The filming of "Flags of Our Fathers", a movie based on the life stories of the six men who raised the flag at the Battle of Iwo Jima, directed by Clint Eastwood, overtakes the Iwo Jima Memorial in Washington, on Aug. 8 2005. (UPI Photo/Kevin Dietsch)

Iwo Jima, officially Iōtō (硫黄島?, listen (help·info): "sulfur island"), is an island of the Japanese Volcano Islands chain, which lie south of the Ogasawara Islands and together with them form the Ogasawara Archipelago. The island is located 650 nautical miles (750 mi; 1,200 km) south of mainland Tokyo and administered as part of Ogasawara, one of eight villages of Tokyo (but is presently uninhabited). It is famous as the setting of the February–March 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima between the United States and the Empire of Japan during World War II. The island grew in recognition in the west when the iconic photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima was taken during the battle. The U.S. occupied Iwo Jima until 1968, when it was returned to Japan.

In 1779, the island was charted as Sulphur Island, the literal translation of its official name, during Captain James Cook's third surveying voyage.

Iwo Jima was traditionally called Iwōtō (Iōtō) by the Japanese. Before Japan's 1946 orthography reform, a historical spelling resulted in (approximately) Iwōtō (modern Iōtō). An alternative, Iwōjima (modern Iōjima)—where jima is an alternative pronunciation of tō (島, island?)—also appeared in nautical atlases. Japanese naval officers who arrived to fortify the island before the U.S. invasion mistakenly called it Iwo Jima. In this way, the "Iwo Jima" pronunciation became mainstream and was the one used by U.S. forces who arrived during World War II. Former island residents protested against this rendering, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport's Geographical Survey Institute debated the issue and formally announced on June 18, 2007, that the official Japanese pronunciation of the island's name would be reverted to the pre-war Iōtō. Moves to revert the pronunciation were sparked by the high profile films Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima. The change does not affect how the name is written in kanji (硫黄島?), only how it is pronounced or written in hiragana, katakana and rōmaji.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Iwo Jima."
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