The Almanac

UPI almanac for Saturday, March 17, 2007.
By United Press International

Letters to Iwo Jima returning to sender

WALLKILL, N.Y., March 9 (UPI) -- Sixty-two years later, a former U.S. Navy man plans to complete the journey of about 100 letters to Iwo Jima.

'Dreamgirls,' 'Iwo Jima' sound winners

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 26 (UPI) -- "Letters from Iwo Jima," which tells of the World War II battle from the Japanese viewpoint, won the sound editing Oscar at the Academy Awards in Los Angeles.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Friday, Feb. 23, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Monday, Feb. 19, 2007.
By United Press International

Clint Eastwood recieves Legion d'honneur

PARIS, Feb. 17 (UPI) -- France has bestowed its most prestigious civilian award, the Legion d'honneur, on Hollywood icon Clint Eastwood in Paris.

Eastwood to receive Legion of Honor

PARIS, Feb. 16 (UPI) -- Actor-director Clint Eastwood, who directed bookend movies on the battle of Iwo Jima, will receive France's highest civilian recognition, the Legion of Honor.

Scorsese wins top DGA award

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- Martin Scorsese was named best feature film director for "The Departed" at the annual Directors Guild of America awards in Los Angeles.

MPAA to honor Eastwood

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1 (UPI) -- Oscar-winning filmmaker Clint Eastwood will receive the inaugural Motion Picture Association of America's Jack Valenti Humanitarian Award in Washington.

Nominated screenplays cover diverse topics

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 23 (UPI) -- A British television character and a Hong Kong thriller provided plots for two films nominated Tuesday in the Academy Award's adapted screenplay group.

Scorsese, Eastwood get Oscar directing nod

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 23 (UPI) -- Martin Scorsese earned his sixth nod for best director for "The Departed" when the 2006 Academy Award nominees were announced in Los Angeles Tuesday.

'Dreamgirls' leads nominees

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 23 (UPI) -- The musical "Dreamgirls," amassed eight nominations for the 79th Academy Awards Tuesday but wasn't given the nod for Best Picture.

Eastwood wins Globe foreign film award

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 15 (UPI) -- "Letters from Iwo Jima," directed by Clint Eastwood, was named best foreign language film at the 64th annual Golden Globe Awards Monday in Los Angeles.

Helen Mirren among AFI honorees

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 13 (UPI) -- Helen Mirren, Clint Eastwood and "Little Miss Sunshine" continued to roll up accolades at the American Film Institute Awards in Los Angeles.

Scorcese leads Directors Guild nominations

LOS ANGELES, Jan. 10 (UPI) -- Several new faces were among the nominees for the annual DGA Awards announced in Los Angeles this week by the Directors Guild of America.
Page 3 of 9
Iwo Jima
The filming of "Flags of Our Fathers", a movie based on the life stories of the six men who raised the flag at the Battle of Iwo Jima, directed by Clint Eastwood, overtakes the Iwo Jima Memorial in Washington, on Aug. 8 2005. (UPI Photo/Kevin Dietsch)

Iwo Jima, officially Iōtō (硫黄島?, listen (help·info): "sulfur island"), is an island of the Japanese Volcano Islands chain, which lie south of the Ogasawara Islands and together with them form the Ogasawara Archipelago. The island is located 650 nautical miles (750 mi; 1,200 km) south of mainland Tokyo and administered as part of Ogasawara, one of eight villages of Tokyo (but is presently uninhabited). It is famous as the setting of the February–March 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima between the United States and the Empire of Japan during World War II. The island grew in recognition in the west when the iconic photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima was taken during the battle. The U.S. occupied Iwo Jima until 1968, when it was returned to Japan.

In 1779, the island was charted as Sulphur Island, the literal translation of its official name, during Captain James Cook's third surveying voyage.

Iwo Jima was traditionally called Iwōtō (Iōtō) by the Japanese. Before Japan's 1946 orthography reform, a historical spelling resulted in (approximately) Iwōtō (modern Iōtō). An alternative, Iwōjima (modern Iōjima)—where jima is an alternative pronunciation of tō (島, island?)—also appeared in nautical atlases. Japanese naval officers who arrived to fortify the island before the U.S. invasion mistakenly called it Iwo Jima. In this way, the "Iwo Jima" pronunciation became mainstream and was the one used by U.S. forces who arrived during World War II. Former island residents protested against this rendering, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport's Geographical Survey Institute debated the issue and formally announced on June 18, 2007, that the official Japanese pronunciation of the island's name would be reverted to the pre-war Iōtō. Moves to revert the pronunciation were sparked by the high profile films Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima. The change does not affect how the name is written in kanji (硫黄島?), only how it is pronounced or written in hiragana, katakana and rōmaji.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Iwo Jima."
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