The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Feb. 19, 2012.
By United Press International
Eastwood says he can't seem to retire from acting

Eastwood says he can't seem to retire from acting

LOS ANGELES, Nov. 21 (UPI) -- Hollywood film star and director Clint Eastwood says he has been trying to retire from acting for years, but every once in a while a role comes along that's irresistible.

WW II vet receives medals -- 65 years late

WEST HOLLYWOOD, Calif., Nov. 11 (UPI) -- A California World War II veteran denied service medals 65 years ago because of a bad-conduct discharge now has them, including a Bronze Star, officials said.

Japan to search Iwo Jima for war dead

TOKYO, Aug. 20 (UPI) -- Japanese researchers will spend a week on Iwo Jima searching recently discovered mass graves of Japanese soldiers killed in World War II, authorities said.
Lee to Eastwood: 'I know my history'

Lee to Eastwood: 'I know my history'

LONDON, June 6 (UPI) -- Clint Eastwood says the lack of black U.S. soldiers in his film, "Flags of Our Fathers," was true to history but Spike Lee insists blacks fought at Iwo Jima.

Time cover sparks controversy

NEW YORK, April 27 (UPI) -- For the second week in a row, the cover of Time magazine has drawn added attention, an industry publication said.

Intrepid Museum sued for lost photo

NEW YORK, April 3 (UPI) -- A donor to the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum in New York has filed a lawsuit, claiming the institution lost his photo of the flag-raising on Iwo Jima.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, March 17, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Feb. 23, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2008.
By United Press International
Watanabe joins 'Shanghai' cast

Watanabe joins 'Shanghai' cast

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- Japanese actor Ken Watanabe has signed on to star in "Shanghai," a big-screen drama set in China in the months leading up to Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.

Haggis: Eastwood helped get 'Elah' made

LOS ANGELES , Sept. 14 (UPI) -- Hollywood filmmaker Paul Haggis says his new movie, "In the Valley of Elah," probably wouldn't have been made without Clint Eastwood's help.

Iwo Jima flag-raiser dies

RICHFIELD, Minn., June 26 (UPI) -- Minnesotan Chuck Lindberg, the last survivor of the raising of the first U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima during World War II, has died.

Japan announces new name for Iwo Jima

TOKYO, June 19 (UPI) -- Japan has changed the name of the Pacific island of Iwo Jima to Iwo To. The Japanese Geographical Survey Institute announced the name change on Monday for the island that was the site of a famous World War II battle between Japanese and U.S. forces in 194

Kidnap victim Harvey Weinstein dies

NEW YORK, May 26 (UPI) -- Harvey Weinstein, a New York businessman who spent 12 days buried in a pit when he was kidnapped in 1993, has died at age 82.
Page 2 of 9
Iwo Jima
The filming of "Flags of Our Fathers", a movie based on the life stories of the six men who raised the flag at the Battle of Iwo Jima, directed by Clint Eastwood, overtakes the Iwo Jima Memorial in Washington, on Aug. 8 2005. (UPI Photo/Kevin Dietsch)

Iwo Jima, officially Iōtō (硫黄島?, listen (help·info): "sulfur island"), is an island of the Japanese Volcano Islands chain, which lie south of the Ogasawara Islands and together with them form the Ogasawara Archipelago. The island is located 650 nautical miles (750 mi; 1,200 km) south of mainland Tokyo and administered as part of Ogasawara, one of eight villages of Tokyo (but is presently uninhabited). It is famous as the setting of the February–March 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima between the United States and the Empire of Japan during World War II. The island grew in recognition in the west when the iconic photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima was taken during the battle. The U.S. occupied Iwo Jima until 1968, when it was returned to Japan.

In 1779, the island was charted as Sulphur Island, the literal translation of its official name, during Captain James Cook's third surveying voyage.

Iwo Jima was traditionally called Iwōtō (Iōtō) by the Japanese. Before Japan's 1946 orthography reform, a historical spelling resulted in (approximately) Iwōtō (modern Iōtō). An alternative, Iwōjima (modern Iōjima)—where jima is an alternative pronunciation of tō (島, island?)—also appeared in nautical atlases. Japanese naval officers who arrived to fortify the island before the U.S. invasion mistakenly called it Iwo Jima. In this way, the "Iwo Jima" pronunciation became mainstream and was the one used by U.S. forces who arrived during World War II. Former island residents protested against this rendering, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport's Geographical Survey Institute debated the issue and formally announced on June 18, 2007, that the official Japanese pronunciation of the island's name would be reverted to the pre-war Iōtō. Moves to revert the pronunciation were sparked by the high profile films Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima. The change does not affect how the name is written in kanji (硫黄島?), only how it is pronounced or written in hiragana, katakana and rōmaji.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Iwo Jima."
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