Ivo Sanader (Croatian pronunciation: ; formerly Ivica Sanader; born June 8, 1953 in Split) is Croatian politician and former Prime Minister of Croatia (President of the Government).
Ivo Sanader was born on June 8, 1953 in Split.The Sanader family could not afford high school study for all of their children, so Ivo's mother asked the rector of a Catholic high school to accept him into his school. After completing his high school education he left for Rome to acquire a higher education in philosophy, but he soon realized that he did not like the academic environment there very much. After his return from Rome he met his future spouse, Mirjana, who he married in 1978. After their wedding, Ivo and Mirjana left Split for Innsbruck. His wife attended a study of archaeology, while Ivo attended a study of comparative literature and studies of Romance languages at the University of Innsbruck. The young couple was accompanied, while studying in Innsbruck, by Ivo’s younger brother Miro who also lived and studied in Innsbruck. During that time Sanader also reported for the Zagreb sport newspaper Sportske novosti. In 1982, Sanader graduated, and returned to Croatia with his wife. He found a job in the marketing department of Dalmacijaturist, however he did not stay very long. He found his next job at the publishing house Logos in 1983 where he was employed as a program editor. In 1988 he became a chief editor and at one time he was working on the organization of the magazine Mogućnost. His career at the publishing house was later terminated suddenly. At that time his wife also received a notice of termination from her workplace. After that Ivo Sanader decided to move back to Austria with his family. In Austria he founded two unsuccessful private businesses. One favorable thing for him was that he never lost touch with his homeland while in Austria. Sanader achieved a PhD in Romance languages and comparative literature from Innsbruck University in Austria. Besides his native language of Croatian he is fluent in English, German, French and Italian, as well as basic communication in Spanish, Czech, and Greek.
At the end of 1980s he founded the first branch of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) in Austria and at this time he first came into contact with Franjo Tuđman. He returns to Split, on persuasion from Franjo Tuđman, although his wife was against their return to Croatia, at the morning of war for Croatia independence. His first public office was manager of Croatian National Theatre in Split. In 1992 he was elected as an HDZ deputy to the lower house of the Croatian parliament. Shortly thereafter he became Minister of Science and Technology (1992-1993). From 1993 to 1995 and 1996 to 2000 he was a Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs. His biggest success as Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs was the termination of required visas for Croatia citizens who traveled to Greece. But Sanader's sense for negotiation was also used for other purposes. He used his negotiation skills for bringing people around to the Croatian Democratic Union from other Croatian parliament parties. At the end of November 1995 he became a head of the President of Croatia's office and general secretary of Croatia national security and defense council (VONS) after Hrvoje Šarinić was released from his duty. In January 1996 he became a member of the council for cooperation between Croatia and the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. During his second term as a Deputy Minster for Foreign Affairs he worked hard to bring Croatia and Israel together. The peak of these efforts was the meeting between himself, Hrvoje Šarinić and Eytan Bentsur, Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Israeli government, in Budapest in 1997, after which diplomatic relationships between Croatia and Israel were established.