Uzbekistan signs key CIS free-trade protocol

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, Dec. 28 (UPI) -- Uzbekistan's president signed off on a protocol for a free-trade agreement with Russia and other Commonwealth of Independent States members, his office said.
Activists call for Nike to cut ties to Daewoo

Activists call for Nike to cut ties to Daewoo

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, April 17 (UPI) -- Human rights activists from Uzbekistan Wednesday posted a letter online that calls for Nike to sever ties with material supplier Daewoo International.

ISAF kills prominent IMU leader

KABUL, Afghanistan, Sept. 21 (UPI) -- A joint military operation in Kunduz province in Afghanistan killed an IMU leader.

Exiles: Uzbek imam's shooting political

STROMSUND, Sweden, May 31 (UPI) -- Uzbeks living in Sweden say they believe the February shooting of a well-known Islamic cleric there was a political act perpetrated by the Tashkent regime.
Clinton continues Asian travels

Clinton continues Asian travels

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Oct. 21 (UPI) -- U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's travels in Asia include visits to Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, the State Department said Friday.
Dictator's kid books Fashion Week show

Dictator's kid books Fashion Week show

NEW YORK, Sept. 10 (UPI) -- Human-rights groups are condemning the decision to allow Gulnara Karimova, the daughter of Uzbek dictator Islam Karimov, to show her clothing line in New York.
India wants better Asian energy ties

India wants better Asian energy ties

NEW DELHI, May 19 (UPI) -- New Delhi said during meetings with Uzbek officials it could join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as a full member in order to advance energy security.

EU pressed on talks with Uzbekistan

BRUSSELS, Jan. 25 (UPI) -- European leaders weren't tough enough when they pressed the president of Uzbekistan on human rights issue, Human Rights Watch alleges.

Probe Kyrgyz violence, Uzbek leader says

UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 22 (UPI) -- The United Nations is called on to aid an independent investigation into ethnic violence in June in southern Kyrgyzstan, the Uzbek president said.

Uzbek Afghanistan proposal relevant and timely

WASHINGTON, Nov. 5 (UPI) -- As Washington and NATO grapple with Afghanistan's insurgency in the wake of rising tension and the recent presidential election debacle, policymakers should reconsider the options set forward by Uzbek President Islam Karimov during last April's NATO summit in Bucharest to expand the United Nations' "6 plus 2" working group on Afghanistan to include the alliance in its deliberations to resolve Afghanistan's problems.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI Outside View Commentator

Ashgabat invites Uzbek leader to pipeline

ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan, Aug. 7 (UPI) -- Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov invited his counterpart in Uzbekistan to attend the inauguration of a transnational gas pipeline to China.

China seeks more ties with Uzbekistan

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, June 29 (UPI) -- Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang, seeking wider ties with resource-rich Uzbekistan, says bilateral trade with the Central Asian nation is growing rapidly.

Uzbekistan halves Tajik gas supplies

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, June 17 (UPI) -- Uzbekistan cut natural gas supplies to Tajikistan over a failure to pay its $17.5 million in debt, executives in Tajikistan said.

Uzbekistan pledges gas to Gazprom

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, Jan. 23 (UPI) -- Uzbekistan is prepared to sell 1.1 trillion cubic feet of natural gas to Russia in 2009, President Islam Karimov said during a meeting with Russian officials.

Russia scores Uzbek natural gas

WASHINGTON, Sept. 5 (UPI) -- During Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin's visit to Tashkent, he and Uzbek President Islam Karimov signed a series of agreements to sell Uzbek natural gas to Russia and upgrade two Soviet-era natural gas pipelines. The agreements represent yet another Western and American setback to securing Caspian and Central Asian energy resources for export to the West.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent
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Islam Karimov
Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov takes a seat at the beginning of the Eurasian Economic Community summit at the Konstantin Palace outside St. Petersburg, January 25, 2006. Heads of several ex-Soviet countries hold a summit that aims to restore economic ties lost after the 1991 Soviet collapse, (UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

Islam Abdug‘aniyevich Karimov (Cyrillic Uzbek: Ислом Абдуғаниевич Каримов; Russian: Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov) (born January 30, 1938) is an Uzbek politician who has been the first President of Uzbekistan since 1990.

Karimov was born in an orphanage in Samarkand, growing up to study economics and engineering at university. He became an official in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, becoming the party's First Secretary in Uzbekistan in 1989. On March 24, 1990 he became President of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. Karimov's election to the Uzbek Communist Party resulted after his predecessor Rafik Nishanov failed to quell inter-ethnic clashes and instability in the Fergana region. He declared Uzbekistan an independent nation on August 31, 1991 and subsequently won Uzbekistan's first presidential election on December 29, 1991, with 86% of the vote. The election was called unfair, with state-run propaganda and a falsified vote count, although the opposing candidate and leader of the Erk (Freedom) Party, Muhammad Salih, had a chance to participate. Karimov permitted the participation of the opposition organizations Birlik (Uzbekistan) ("popular movement") and the Islamic Renaissance Party until his efforts to consolidate power over Shukrullo Mirsaidov, a former Communist Party elite who had originally supported Karimov's rise to the Party presidency. The period of political thaw was brief; Karimov began to complicate the registration process of opposition parties during elections. As Birlik grew in strength as a "popular movement", it was denied the ability to register as a "political party" without the required 60,000 signatures. The Karimov government allowed Birlik one day to gather these signatures, 25,000 of which they rejected. Karimov effectively took authoritarian measures to block any meaningful opposition.

Uzbekistan under the Karimov government classifies as a hard authoritarian regime with little to no civil society promotion. The state's primary legitimacy claims are anti-Islamism and ethnic identity. Karimov's primary authoritarian measures that were implemented following the brief period of "thaw" and political tolerance include the thwarting of alternative politica leaders from coalition building.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Islam Karimov."
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