S.Korea, Uzbekistan sign energy deal

SEOUL, March 29 (UPI) -- South Korea and Uzbekistan signed an agreement Wednesday in Seoul to jointly explore and develop oil and gas fields in the energy-rich Central Asian nation.

U.S. shuts down base in Uzbekistan

KARSHI-KHANABAD, Uzbekistan, Nov. 22 (UPI) -- The United States has shut down its air base at Karshi-Khanabad, Uzbekistan, on the orders of Uzbek President Islam Karimov, a report said.

Uzbek rebels jailed

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, Nov. 15 (UPI) -- A court in Uzbekistan sentenced 15 men to lengthy prison terms for an uprising in May rights activists say resulted in the massacre of some 500 people.

U.S. Senate withholds Uzbekistan payment

WASHINGTON, Oct. 6 (UPI) -- The U.S. Senate has voted to delay a $23 million payment to Uzbekistan in protest of alleged human rights abuses in that country. The payment, for past use of the Karshi-Khanabad airbase, will be postponed for at least a year, the BBC reported Thursday.

Envoy denies U.S. paid for Andijan revolt

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, Sept. 28 (UPI) -- A senior U.S. diplomat has dismissed as "ludicrous" claims that the United States was behind the May uprising in the Uzbek town of Andijan. Assistant U.S. Secretary of State Daniel Fried, speaking after meeting Uzbek President Islam Karimov, also said U.S

Uzbek opposition leaders reportedly unite

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, June 29 (UPI) -- Uzbekistan's opposition leaders have joined hands to oppose the regime of President Islam Karimov, the new group announced Wednesday.

U.S. backs Andijan probe

WASHINGTON, June 14 (UPI) -- The State Department Tuesday repeated calls for a global inquiry into killings in Andijan, Uzbekistan, despite reports the Pentagon had blocked the move.

U.S. policy under test in Uzbekistan

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, June 13 (UPI) -- Uzbek President Islam Karimov is a close U.S. ally in the fight against terrorism but his regime is also testing America's image in the Muslim world.

China and Uzbekistan sign $600m oil deal

BEIJING, May 26 (UPI) -- Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov announced in Beijing he has signed a $600 million oil deal with China.

Fatalities in Uzbekistan still uncertain

KARADARIYA, Kyrgyzstan, May 23 (UPI) -- President Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan says 32 Uzbek troops and 137 others were killed during a protest, but opposition leaders put the total near 750.

U.N. rights expert seeks Uzbekistan visit

GENEVA, Switzerland, May 20 (UPI) -- A U.N. arbitrary executions expert is trying to visit Uzbekistan following reports government troops killed scores, if not hundreds, of protesters last week.

Uzbek troops reclaim rebel-held town

ANDIJON, Uzbekistan, May 19 (UPI) -- Hundreds of heavily armed Uzbekistan army troops Thursday reclaimed an eastern border town Muslim rebels seized last week.

Diplomats tour embattled Uzbek town

ANDIJON, Uzbekistan, May 18 (UPI) -- Yielding to international pressure, Uzbekistan granted foreign diplomats access Wednesday to the town where government troops opened fire on crowds last week.

'Extremist elements' behind Uzbek violence

LONDON, May 16 (UPI) -- Extremists linked to al-Qaida are behind the current uprisings in Uzbekistan, Afghani Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah said Monday.

Uzbekistan tense after bloody uprising

ANDIJON, Uzbekistan, May 16 (UPI) -- Aid officials deployed in eastern Uzbekistan Monday to investigate claims government soldiers killed as many as 500 people in three days of demonstrations.
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Islam Karimov
Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov takes a seat at the beginning of the Eurasian Economic Community summit at the Konstantin Palace outside St. Petersburg, January 25, 2006. Heads of several ex-Soviet countries hold a summit that aims to restore economic ties lost after the 1991 Soviet collapse, (UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

Islam Abdug‘aniyevich Karimov (Cyrillic Uzbek: Ислом Абдуғаниевич Каримов; Russian: Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov) (born January 30, 1938) is an Uzbek politician who has been the first President of Uzbekistan since 1990.

Karimov was born in an orphanage in Samarkand, growing up to study economics and engineering at university. He became an official in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, becoming the party's First Secretary in Uzbekistan in 1989. On March 24, 1990 he became President of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. Karimov's election to the Uzbek Communist Party resulted after his predecessor Rafik Nishanov failed to quell inter-ethnic clashes and instability in the Fergana region. He declared Uzbekistan an independent nation on August 31, 1991 and subsequently won Uzbekistan's first presidential election on December 29, 1991, with 86% of the vote. The election was called unfair, with state-run propaganda and a falsified vote count, although the opposing candidate and leader of the Erk (Freedom) Party, Muhammad Salih, had a chance to participate. Karimov permitted the participation of the opposition organizations Birlik (Uzbekistan) ("popular movement") and the Islamic Renaissance Party until his efforts to consolidate power over Shukrullo Mirsaidov, a former Communist Party elite who had originally supported Karimov's rise to the Party presidency. The period of political thaw was brief; Karimov began to complicate the registration process of opposition parties during elections. As Birlik grew in strength as a "popular movement", it was denied the ability to register as a "political party" without the required 60,000 signatures. The Karimov government allowed Birlik one day to gather these signatures, 25,000 of which they rejected. Karimov effectively took authoritarian measures to block any meaningful opposition.

Uzbekistan under the Karimov government classifies as a hard authoritarian regime with little to no civil society promotion. The state's primary legitimacy claims are anti-Islamism and ethnic identity. Karimov's primary authoritarian measures that were implemented following the brief period of "thaw" and political tolerance include the thwarting of alternative politica leaders from coalition building.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Islam Karimov."
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