Chinese president greets world leaders

BEIJING, Aug. 9 (UPI) -- Chinese President Hu Jintao greeted foreign leaders in separate meetings on the eve of the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games.

Analysis: U.K. firm to audit Turkmen gas

WASHINGTON, March 28 (UPI) -- Since the death in December 2005 of Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov, Western energy firms have longingly eyed Turkmenistan's vast natural gas reserves, which even during the Soviet era were estimated at 10 trillion to 14 trillion cubic meters, exceeded only by those of the Russian Federation. Among the potential suitors for Ashgabat's favor, no firms were more ardent than U.S. companies. Alas, once again for Washington, the groom has been left at the altar.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent

China in Tibet

WASHINGTON, March 17 (UPI) -- Tibet is no aberration; the world's worst human-rights offenders all find a friend in China.
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Editor Emeritus

Analysis: Uzbeks, S. Korea eye natural gas

WASHINGTON, March 7 (UPI) -- While Russia's Gazprom dominates Central Asian natural gas exports through its pipeline monopoly, the leaders of the "stans" are unhappy about the arrangement, as Gazprom buys cheap and sells dear to European consumers.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent

Analysis: Petronas makes Uzbek strides

WASHINGTON, Feb. 8 (UPI) -- In the mad Western dash for Central Asian energy resources, investors initially focused on Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. Following the death of Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov in December 2006, Western energy firms fell over themselves courting Turkmenistan's new president, Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov. Ten years before Niyazov's death, however, Malaysia's Petronas won Turkmenistan's first offshore drilling agreement and began prospecting in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent

Uzbek-U.S. relations warming

MOSCOW, Jan. 30 (UPI) -- The recent visit by Adm. William Fallon, commander of U.S. Central Command, to Tashkent may signal a warming in U.S.-Uzbek relations.
SANOBAR SHERMATOVA, UPI Outside View Commentator

Analysis: Eye on Uzbek energy

WASHINGTON, Dec. 27 (UPI) -- A challenge has emerged from Uzbekistan to Transneft's "take it or leave it" policy, with potentially enormous implications for Gazprom's decade-and-a-half monopoly.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent

Nabucco cut by Caspian line

MOSCOW, Dec. 27 (UPI) -- The last few months of 2007 were good for Russia, which has been fighting this year to affirm its leadership in the hydrocarbons market. And it may have spelled the end for the Nabucco pipeline, which Europe has wanted as a way to bypass reliance on Moscow.
IGOR TOMBERG, UPI Outside View Commentator

UPI Energy Watch

Uzbekistan, Korea to hold energy talks; Gazprom Neft to increase number of board members; China's LNG capacity grows
ANDREA R. MIHAILESCU, UPI Energy Correspondent

Uzbeks welcome Russian relations talks

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, Nov. 2 (UPI) -- The president of Uzbekistan met with the Russian prime minister to discuss “bilateral cooperation” Friday.

Analysis: Uzbek-Turkmen cooperation

WASHINGTON, Oct. 19 (UPI) -- The recent second Caspian Sea Littoral States Summit, which concluded earlier this week, saw a broader consensus developing among the five Caspian littoral nations than at any time since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent

UPI Energy Watch

ONGC to give service contracts to smaller firms; LUKoil to supply TGK-8 with gas from Caspian fields; Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan eager about pipeline
ANDREA MIHAILESCU, UPI Energy Correspondent

Analysis: SCO energy ties

WASHINGTON, Aug. 22 (UPI) -- For the past several days, Western analysts have been fixated on the Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s massive Peace Mission 2007 anti-terrorist drill.
JOHN C.K. DALY, UPI International Correspondent

Daughter may succeed Uzbek president

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan, Nov. 6 (UPI) -- Islam Karimov, the authoritarian president of Uzbekistan, is reportedly grooming his 33-year-old daughter as his successor.

Uzbek leaders may face U.S. sanctions

WASHINGTON, May 10 (UPI) -- U.S. Republican lawmakers, concerned about repression in Uzbekistan, may seek sanctions aimed at Uzbek President Islam Karimov and other officials.
Page 2 of 5
Islam Karimov
Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov takes a seat at the beginning of the Eurasian Economic Community summit at the Konstantin Palace outside St. Petersburg, January 25, 2006. Heads of several ex-Soviet countries hold a summit that aims to restore economic ties lost after the 1991 Soviet collapse, (UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

Islam Abdug‘aniyevich Karimov (Cyrillic Uzbek: Ислом Абдуғаниевич Каримов; Russian: Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov) (born January 30, 1938) is an Uzbek politician who has been the first President of Uzbekistan since 1990.

Karimov was born in an orphanage in Samarkand, growing up to study economics and engineering at university. He became an official in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, becoming the party's First Secretary in Uzbekistan in 1989. On March 24, 1990 he became President of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. Karimov's election to the Uzbek Communist Party resulted after his predecessor Rafik Nishanov failed to quell inter-ethnic clashes and instability in the Fergana region. He declared Uzbekistan an independent nation on August 31, 1991 and subsequently won Uzbekistan's first presidential election on December 29, 1991, with 86% of the vote. The election was called unfair, with state-run propaganda and a falsified vote count, although the opposing candidate and leader of the Erk (Freedom) Party, Muhammad Salih, had a chance to participate. Karimov permitted the participation of the opposition organizations Birlik (Uzbekistan) ("popular movement") and the Islamic Renaissance Party until his efforts to consolidate power over Shukrullo Mirsaidov, a former Communist Party elite who had originally supported Karimov's rise to the Party presidency. The period of political thaw was brief; Karimov began to complicate the registration process of opposition parties during elections. As Birlik grew in strength as a "popular movement", it was denied the ability to register as a "political party" without the required 60,000 signatures. The Karimov government allowed Birlik one day to gather these signatures, 25,000 of which they rejected. Karimov effectively took authoritarian measures to block any meaningful opposition.

Uzbekistan under the Karimov government classifies as a hard authoritarian regime with little to no civil society promotion. The state's primary legitimacy claims are anti-Islamism and ethnic identity. Karimov's primary authoritarian measures that were implemented following the brief period of "thaw" and political tolerance include the thwarting of alternative politica leaders from coalition building.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Islam Karimov."
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